Lathe machines are used to execute a
wide range of tasks. They are essential in various industries such as
woodworking, metalworking, ceramic arts, electronics, etc. The machines are
also used in the traditional manual industries such as coal mining, petroleum
refining, and oil refineries. With the ever-increasing demands for these
machines from different segments of society, manufacturers of these machines
have started producing various varieties of heavy-duty lathe machines.
Heavy-duty lathe machine is designed to execute the most demanding operations in industries. It is manufactured with the latest technology and implements advanced technology. Various types of heavy machines lathe by different companies: By spindle-type, by plate and coil spring drives, by the vertical shaft, by sliding action, and by direct rollers, etc. These lathes by various companies are available in different configurations and are built to perform the work with ease. Each machine has its own characteristics and functionality.
Most of the common machines include
single, double, and king pinion drive configurations. Single and double
configuration machines are used for cutting profiles in different sizes and
speeds, however, single-axis heavy-duty lathe machines are much better in
performance. In the case of the two-axis heavy-duty lathe machine, it is
important that the distance between the axes is equal on both sides. To
increase the speed and to improve the work speed, the heavy-duty lathe can be
used with a counterweight system.
It is very important for you to make
sure that the lathe is correctly mounted. The weight of the machine should be
appropriate with respect to the size of the working area. If you are using a
heavy-duty lathe for complex work, you will require good-quality tools and
equipment. There are many branded industrial tools available in the market that
can be used for heavy-duty lathe operations.
In order to purchase the best quality tool, you need to check out the details of the company. The company provides a guarantee for the product and can be contacted through their online support. You can ask for a quotation from their online mechanism and compare all the offered machines are designed and manufactured under the brand by using the finest quality components and sophisticated technology by our experienced engineers. These machines are designed with a high level of precision in compliance with set industry standards.
The lathe machine is the most common tool in a workshop. It is mainly used for producing objects that have symmetry about their axis of rotation; as well as for precisely machining comparatively hard materials. Earlier lathes were simple and few models were available in market. While a large variety of complex lathes are now manufactured. The growing competition has also resulted in producing the latest range of lathe devices across the world, including India. As a result, buyers get confused and face difficulty while purchasing a suitable lathe. Today lathes are purchased to either set up a new unit or for expanding the activities of an existing workshop. Thus the below mentioned pros and cons will help buyers while selecting Indian lathes and imported lathe.
These days there is a great demand for Indian lathes. This is because they are very precise, easy to use and highly effective. Moreover they are available at reasonable rates and have a long working life. Further these lathes are sturdy machines as they are made from top grade materials to meet the standard quality levels; and hence require less maintenance. Another pro of an Indian lathe is that before installing and integrating a new lathe into the existing production unit; you can get onsite consultation and personal advice from the experts of the local company. They can even provide detail replies for any technical queries; and their team of highly trained staff can visit your workshop anytime before and after delivering the machine. The customers are also offered comprehensive warranty from the manufacturer, instant after sales support and onsite training to properly use the new lathes. Also, maintenance and repair services are readily available. Besides this, a large spare parts inventory is also available in order to quickly repair the related tools with original components made by the local company. One more advantage is that buyers can visit a local showroom to personally see the various models and check the specifications of the lathe. Lastly Indian lathes are less costly than the imported machines. Whereas the con is that, the most recent and fully computerized models of lathes may not be manufactured by the Indian firms. Visit Bhavya Machine Tools to know different types of Models are manufactured in India.
On the other hand buyers can opt for an imported lathe if they need a high end device for their workshop operations. Moreover, they are compact and completely automatic, include many enhanced features, and are highly accurate, efficient and long lasting. Another pro of imported lathes is that they are usually equipped with the most advanced technology, need less resources and are relatively faster. However, the con is that they are relatively expensive. Also original spares and expert technician may not be available to repair the imported machine. Further, in case an imported lathe breaks down; an alternate equipment may not be immediately available. Hence unit downtime will affect the production unit.
Thus based on individual requirements of the buyers they can either select an Indian lathe or imported lathe.
Nowadays, the tool room work and workshop machine activities; are done by repairers or through suitable lathe tools. A lathe is a tool utilized to perform various functions like turning, cutting, drilling, grooving, knurling, parting, threading etc. They are used to produce accurate products made from metal, plastic, wood etc. The basic lathe machine operations are as follows:-
Turning is an essential and important lathe operation. It is used to create circular objects and for reducing the diameter of the work. Taper turning refers to the process where the tool narrowly cuts the job at a specific angle. Knurling is done using a knurling tool; it has two slashed lined wheels that are pressed against the rotating work piece to produce a knurled object.
The drilling operation uses a drilling tool which is held in the tail stock and fed into the work by using a handle on tailstock. Threading is a precise operation, where the tool is fed into the job at a constant speed. This is done by attaching a carriage assembly with lead screws that are connected to the driving mechanism through gear trains. Two types of threading are external and internal threading.
Grooving is done before external threading by feeding the grooving tool perpendicular to the rotating work piece. Parting is done for cutting a work into smaller parts. Chamfering refers to slitting or cutting the edges of the object.
The major parts of a lathe machine are bed, headstock, saddle, tailstock, top slide; apron, cross slide, lead screw, countershaft, tool rest, chuck and gears. The bed is the base of a lathe, the chuck holds and spins the work piece; whereas the apron grips the gears, and the headstock allows the spindle to rotate at variable speeds. The tailstock holds the end of the work; and the carriage houses the cross slide, top slide and saddle.
Many types of lathes are available including the wood lathe. Here the cutting tool is operated manually by skilled workers to precisely form smooth curves and complex shapes on the work piece. The spindle is normally driven by a belt connected to the motor, and the speed can be varied manually. Lathe tools are held manually against the work, with the help of an adjustable tool rest; that is clamped to the base at a suitable position.
Engine lathes are machines with a longitudinal base, where the headstock and tailstock are mounted. It has an advanced spindle drive that runs at variable speeds; the selectable gears help to operate the machine at higher speeds. The lathe cutting tools are moved against the work using hand wheels; or automatically using a lead screw that is power driven by gears in the headstock. The carriage moves back and forth on the bed for longitudinal turning. The cross slide and compound rest are mounted above the carriage to enable cross and angular cutting.
Finally during any lathe machining operation, always take necessary precautions; even if you are an expert, or are handling an important process.
The lathe is indeed a great invention and a very helpful machine, used for numerous purposes since the ancient times. The earliest type of lathe was the potter’s wheel, which is being utilized to shape clay pots and earthen objects even today. The lathe machine is basically a machine tool that revolves the work piece on its axis to carry out a variety of operations that includes cutting, shaping, turning, drilling, sanding, bending etc.
Types of Lathe Machines
An extensive range of lathe machines are now available in the market at affordable rates. Each type of lathe machine has remarkable features and specific engineering application, including shaping various kinds of materials. They can be used in several industrial functions such as wood shaping, metal bending, glass sanding, stone cutting, plastic drilling, repairing machine parts etc.
These lathes have truly made a major difference in the shaping industry due to its highly beneficial features and outstanding performance. Some of the most useful lathe machines designed and manufactured nowadays are as follows:
First is the v-belt drive lathe machine that includes light duty lathe machine used for shaping small size items and other bending tasks; the medium duty lathe machine has enhanced functionality to cast most accurate shapes; heavy duty lathe machines are robust equipments built for large scale metal working and wood working operations; extra heavy duty lathe machine have tight tolerances and are utilized to shape very hard substances.
Next is the roll turning lathe machine which is another sturdy machine tool, dedicated for finishing purposes and to produce cylindrical rolls in rolling mills. Further comes the all geared lathe machine that includes light duty all geared lathe machine, meant for relatively light activities; medium duty all geared lathe machine for moderate functionality; heavy duty all geared lathe machine for higher capacity lathe machining work; and extra heavy duty all geared lathe machine for applications in heavy industries.
Recently highly precise, imported all geared lathe machines are widely used. They easily provide smooth machining on solid sheet metals; and include light duty imported lathe machine and medium duty imported lathe machine. These uniquely designed lathes are very efficient; and perform the lathe functions with zero defects.
The latest models of lathe machines comprise of the heavy duty high speed lathe. They are versatile and function at a greater speed, and used for bulk manufacturing and solid machining work on sheet metals. Further is the extra heavy duty lathe with pedestal type bed and extra heavy duty lathe with planer type bed that have longer working life.
Even imported CNC lathe machines, manufactured as per international standards are available these days. Another advanced technology based lathes are flat bed CNC lathe, heavy duty flat bed CNC lathe and slant bed CNC lathe; that are reputed for accurate dimension and high tensile strength. All these lathe machines provide a significant return on investment; and are extensively used in tool rooms, power plants, ship building, paper mills, repairing shops, steel rolling mills, workshops, mining, oil, textile industries etc.