Metals play an important part in our lives today. Think of any object around us and either it is made of metal or some part of it is of metal. Metals are an integral part of our lives today. A number of different types of machines are involved in giving shape to these metals.
Metal industries and workshops use various kinds of sheet metals to bend the hard metal sheets, or rods, of steel, brass, iron etc. and shape them according to the need. These are used in the manufacture of pipes, automobiles, buildings, decorative items, house hold items etc.
The products made by sheet metal are very specific, size and shape is precise and the quality is superior.
Different types of sheet metal machines have varied industrial applications.
Sheet Bending – To manufacture various products from metal these tools are used. Steel, titanium, copper and many more metals can be bent and shaped.
C Type Power Press – Its shape is like letter ‘C’. Industries where metal sheets need to be bent, pressed or cut with more force, power presses are used.
Pillar Type Power Press – It is used to cut or bend thick metal sheets when a lot of force is required. It works very fast and makes less noise.
Pyramid type Bending Rollers – It is mostly used in the industries making cones, wind mills, ship parts, channels for air conditioners and fabrication of aluminium and steel.
Hydraulic Press Brake – This sheet metal is used for very accurate bending of metal sheets and plates in many industries. It uses hydraulic pressure to bend the metal sheets.
Mechanical Press Brake – These are very precise and fast devices to bend sheets of metal. The flywheel works with an electric motor.
Hydraulic Shearing – From a large stash of metal smaller sheets of metal are cut using this equipment. Different kind of materials, metal and non metal, can be cut with it. It’s very safe to use and requires minimum maintenance.
Hydraulic Press Brakes – It is a strong machine used to bend sheets and plates of metal very accurately in a number of industries. As it uses hydraulic power to operate, and the ram can stop without difficulty, as and when required, so the machine is very safe to use.
Small Sheet Metal – These are used in small scale industries dealing in wood or metals, to cut, bend, press or form metal. Various types of small sheet metal machines are available in the market.
Hand Operated Metal Sheet Bending – For various bending operations, different types of these are available. It is used in big industries to cut, bend, punch, and shear metal sheets.
CNC Syncro Hydraulic Press Brake – These are used in the industry for a number of operations. Metal can be formed, punched, pierced, notched etc. with these tools.
NC Hydraulic Press Brake – These are easy to work with, bending work can be done quite fast so it is cost effective.
Thus sheet metal machines are available in different shapes and sizes in the market. Different brands offer different types of machines with different functions. One can buy these equipment depending on the type of job work to be undertaken in the industry.
A number of items are made from a variety of metals. Different techniques and equipments are used to give shape to these hard and soft metals. To bend and give different shapes to hard metals special tools are used in the industry. C-type is an efficient equipment used for bending heavy metals in various industries.
C type Power Press Machines
The shape is like the letter ‘C’. It consist of gears, crank shaft, clutch, ram and table. The reasonably priced device have a capacity of 3 tons to 250 tons. Made from high grade steel and cast iron, these are strong and sturdy. The power brakes are very durable.
The work of bending metal in the industries has become quite simple with the use. Its design provides lots of free space around it so the operator can move around the work place without any restraint.
Operating the power press machine
A well trained person must handle the equipments very carefully. He must take all precautions in order to evade any kind of accident. He must also be trained to lock and lubricate the tools or if any work is stuck, how to remove it. He must have the information about the parts of the machine and their functions, controls and safety procedures. Devices to protect and maintain the work must be used.
Applications of C type Power Press machines
These are used for bending, pressing, shaping, compressing etc. sheets of different types of metals by using pressure. The metal sheets may vary in size and shape. These are being used in various industries working with metals. Industries dealing in the manufacture of automobile parts, bicycles, agricultural equipments and tools, parts etc. use it extensively.
High quality products are produced using these equipments. Power press machines are used not only in industries engaged in the production of parts of planes, space shuttles etc. but also in industries making containers for cosmetics, tableware, ornamental articles etc.
Types ofC type Power Press machines
Depending upon the type of functions performed by the machines, these are available in different types like
Hydraulic power press use two hydraulic cylinders to move the top shaft or beam. These are very reliable and precise.
Mechanical are more popular as compared to other types. Their speed is more and they are also very accurate.
Pneumatic use air pressure for exerting the necessary energy.
Electric use a motor for applying pressure.
Industries where parts of automobiles like cars and trucks are made, large power press are used to make sure even pressure is exerted and metal does not incline.
As these machines do not rust and make less noise and use less power they can be driven very fast for peak production. These are very efficient so they are extensively being used in metal industries.
Woodworking machinery or tools are used to cut, carve or shape wood. A tool with a motor reduces the work of the operator and increases the production. In a wood processing business these are craft the desired shape or dimensions from the piece of wood work.
These are basically workshop tools. They are either operated manually or are computer controlled. For the small scale work manual devices are excellent but computer controlled are ideal for mechanization of wood processing work in industries. Computer-controlled tools have a cutting accuracy of 0.000″ – 0.001″. These are used for intricate work that requires a high degree of cutting accuracy and it also increases the production capacity.
When working manually with wood a lot of noise and vibration is felt. This is reduced to a great deal if woodworking machines are used. The finished product is smoother and has a professional look.
Different type of wood working machines are used by craftsmen to produce works of art from wood. The time taken for any work is reduced as working with wood becomes more proficient and gives a skilled finish to the finished product. Industries involved in wood carving, cutting and shaping primarily buy these equipment.
Types of woodworking machines
Different types of woodworking unit are used in workshops and industries for jobs like wood cutting, shaping, finishing, drilling, grinding etc. It is very essential to select the appropriate type that is suitable for precision and competence required and that which will meet the desired requirements.
Circular saw or a table saw gives more flexibility as it can be angled for sharp or minute cuts and gives better accuracy in cutting lengthy boards. Regarded as an essential tool of any wood workshop it is frequently used for neatly cutting large pieces of wood. Cuts at an angle, straight or curved can be made using this.
The router is used with a tableto make fancy cuts and more professional looking woodworking easy. The wood is held with a guide and the craftsman can cut fancy work into the wood.
The drill press is a multipurpose woodworking unit which is widely used for drilling accurate holes or to bore holes at different angles in the work piece.
A jig saw machine cuts random or irregular shapes out of wooden work piece. Artistic patterns can be made using this. Jobs like making toys, carving and decoration items made from wood, can be done using this.
Band saw is compact in size and can be easily operated even in crowded workshops.
Wood working machines provide competence to the work, they lessen the wastage and help in accomplishing the most accurate cutting, shaping and other wood processing works in much shorter time.
Therefore, woodworking devices are an efficient solution for wood shaping applications as they make the work easier and faster. Industries dealing in wood work like furniture, timber, wooden toys etc. use these technically advanced to increase the output, and improve the quality of the product.
A number of machines are used in the process of fabrication of sheet metal parts. Fabrication is the process of collective operations which are used to give a shape to the metal sheet. This involves a number of equipments like metal shears, laser cutting, press brakes, rollers, welding machines etc.
What are Press Breaks?
Press brake, also called break press, is a machine that is used to bend the metal sheets and plates. A considerable amount of force is applied using mechanical or hydraulic processes or both. In order to get perfect bends free from any defect, care must be taken to use proper methods. The commonly used metals for fabrication are carbon steel, stainless steel, and aluminum.
Types of Press Breaks
Press brakes are available in two categories:
Mechanical press brakes – A mechanical press is faster and more accurate as compared to other.
Hydraulic press brakes – These help to create goods of superior quality which use less power and are dependable. These are safe to use but are more expensive. For accurate bending of sheet metal and metal plates it is widely used in many industries.
The process of applying force on the metal to change its shape without cutting it is called metal forming. The sheets are bent or stretched into an array of complex shapes.
In the process of sheet metal fabrication, first the basic flat shape of the metal sheet is attained, the metal is then sent to machines to make the bends. The metal sheet is placed between a punch and a die. This process is called forming. According to the specifications on the prints, dies in a range of shapes and radius are used to make one or a number of bends to form the metal.
Applications of Press Breaks
In order to increase the inflexibility of a metal, and to shape the pieces of metal in shapes of one’s choice and design the metal is bent using it. Bending is a flexible process in precision sheet metal fabrication and it permits the formation of different shapes by using hammering and press brakes.To find the correct bend allowance for the compressionand stretching of the material, intricate mathematical formulas are required.
Press brake forming method is used for different functions like metal framing, metal housing for a definite part, brackets for tools and machines etc. It is also used for punching, bending, piercing etc. of the metal sheet.
Metal fabrication is done for a large array of industries and applications. Car parts, aircraft components, boat propellers, holding tanks, shark cages, weapons, etc. are fabricated from metal. Different tools are used for different purpose during fabrication of metal, so a technician can shape the metal according to his desire.
So, without the press brake machinery the work of a fabricator would be very difficult. To give shape to the metal sheet before it is cut, It play a very significant role. These are used in every metal industry and for almost every metal fabrication be it a piece of art or a part of a car.
To give a meticulous smooth finish to the surface, as regards the level, size or finish of the surface of a flat metallic or non-metallic object, surface grinding tools are used. In order to make the surface flat and smooth a spinning wheel that is covered with a rough material is used to grind the plane.
The regular process is surface grinding. It is a finishing procedure. To give an object a superior finish this process is used.
Surface Grinding Machine
Surface grinders consist of a wheel covered with a hard abrasive material, a chuck and a counter table. The non metallic objects are held in place by a vacuum or a mechanical chuck while the wheels grind it and make it smooth. Metal object are held in place by a magnetic chuck.
The crushing wheels of these equipments are covered with different materials like diamond, aluminium oxide, silicon carbide, cubic boron nitride etc. The most commonly used material is aluminium oxide since it is cheaper than other materials.
To maintain the quality of the wheel, grinding dressers are used. For the work to be perfect these wheels must be in perfect condition. Surface grinders are run by hands, electricity or they are powered by hydraulics.
Uses of Surface Grinding Machines
Surface grinders are very important in industries and these are used for making parts and industrial tools. It need to be smooth to move and function properly, and here grinding machines play an important role.
These are also used in industries where defined shapes are to be made with precision as in the manufacture of automobile parts. Most of these machines are computer operated, but manual operated machines are also in use.
Cast iron, steel, brass, plastic and aluminium etc. are some of the materials that can be made smooth with surface grinders. During the process of grinding high temperature is created which may weaken the magnetic power in some materials.
Equipments to use while operating Surface Grinders:
While using a surface grinder it is very important to wear safety equipments like goggles. When the wheel spins at a high speed to grind the materials, friction is created and small pieces of material tend to fly away from the wheel which may cause damage to eyes. Protective garments should also be worn like an apron, gloves etc. Loose clothes or items of jewelry should not be worn.
Who can operate a Surface Grinder?
Any person who is qualified and has received sufficient training can operate unit. He must also be trained in health and safety measures to be used while operating the equipment. Health and safety laws must always be followed to prevent any accident.
Therefore, surface grinding machines help to create a smooth finish to the material worked on. It also offers a refined and superior look to the work piece. A right tool for the right task helps to improve the efficiency of the work. This also saves a lot of time and energy for the skilled labours and professionals.
A machine that is used for cutting wood, metal, plastic and a variety of materials into straight, curved or irregular shapes is called a horizontal bandsaw. A wide range of bandsaw equipments are available in the market. They are made from cast iron, steel or aluminum alloy.
The blade consists of a continuous band of metal which has teeth on one edge. These teeth are used to cut different pieces of work. The blade of the machine is held either by guide blocks or bearings. The saw blade is secured between two wheels or pulleys. One of the wheels called the driven wheel is fixed in place and it provides the power to the saw. The other wheel is the idler wheel which is used to make the blade in the saw tight or loose.
A horizontal bandsaw machine is a versatile power tool and a foundational tool in many workshops. The work piece is clamped in place and then the blade slides down through the work piece and cuts it. A sprayer and a pump keep the work piece covered in a cutting fluid so the metal does not overhead and it can be cut easily.
These are usually used for cutting the supply down to size. The exact finishing cuts are made on more precise equipment. Perfect cuts save a lot of time and stock removal cutting is made much faster. The horizontal bandsaw device is normally used to cut large pieces of work, wood or metal, and different blades make different cuts. They have higher cutting speed and better accuracy. These are very suitable for cutting long bars into different shapes.
Designed for smooth and vibration free functioning, the economical and low noise tools offer maximum output and minimum wastage. The horizontal bandsaw machines are extensively used in automobile, electronic, electrical, wood working etc.
Different types of blades are used for different materials. A diamond blade is used to cut glass, a segmented cold saw blade is used to cut structural tube, and a fabrication blade is used for aluminum, brass or copper. To cut steel tubes, angel cuts and decking, friction & hot saw blades are used. Ferrous applications, cutting extrusions, thin wall tubing, bar stock, angel iron and flat bars are cut with solid high speed steel saw blades. Circular knives are used to cut rubber, fiber glass and aluminum. Carbide tipped saw blades are used to cut aluminum, brass, copper and bronze.
Sparks fly during cutting so protect your eyes and face by wearing a facial safety guard or safety goggles. As soon as cutting work is over remove the blade from the saw and store it in a place where it will not get damaged or scratched.
Thus, while selecting a horizontal bandsaw machine, choose unit which gives superior accuracy and which is suitable for cutting long bars in different shapes. The model chosen must suite your requirements. These machines have really simplified and secured the production work, and has also allowed advanced productions at minimum energy consumption rates.
Machines make our work simple, reduce the effort and increase the efficiency. It used for holes in a work-piece are known as drilling machines. It is the process of making a circular hole with a rotating cutter, called drill, in any material. Also known as drill press, drilling device are used for holes of various sizes and precise depth in any surface. These have made all kinds of complex jobs very simple.
It is used for industrial, commercial as well as domestic purposes. It is an important tool used for drilling in metal processing industry, manufacturing industry and for construction work. These are also designed to be used for medical purposes, for space missions and in industries like manufacturing, metalworking, woodworking and masonry work.
Besides holes, drill tools are also used for chores like tapping, spot facing, reaming, counter sinking and counter boring etc. Manual equipments are operated with hand power and automatic drill machines are powered with electricity. These are either fixed on the floor or are mounted on a stand.
A drill has a head, a radial arm and a gearing mechanism. These machines have high performance value but low maintenance cost. Those made from good quality materials have high accuracy machining work.
A variety of drilling machines for different applications are available. These are:
1) Pillar drill machine – These have rigid structure and vibration free mechanism. These are used in different industries to drill holes in concrete, rocks, heavy duty machines, metal sheets, plastic, wood, glass etc. These machines have durable bits due to which their efficiency and performance increases.
2) Radial drill machine– These are available in various dimensions of drill head, base plate and capacity. In these machines the head is mounted on a radial arm. In order to adjust the position of the drill above the work piece, the radial arm can be rotated, raised or lowered on a vertical post. It is known for its precision, accuracy and efficiency. In the plain radial drill the spindle is vertical and does not swing.
3) Drilling cum milling machine- This is two-in-one operation machine which works for drilling as well as milling operations.
A versatile drill machine contains a box with different types of drill bits and it can make holes of required sizes. All geared machine comes in various capacities for holes of a variety of radius. Pneumatic machines are powered by compressed air.
The machines that are used for industrial and commercial purposes, are powered by electricity, and are particularly designed for an extended duration use. Drill machines used in the steel industry are heavy duty machines with high functionality and durability.
Low capacity tools are used for domestic purposes like plumbing, nailing, fitting bathroom fixtures etc. While using this equipments at home one must follow the safety procedures, and use safety gears, like glasses, gloves and jumpsuits.
So, take good care of your equipment, it will last longer and serve you better. Oil it occasionally to prevent rusting and clean it properly after every use. Purchase a unit according to the nature of the job you want to perform.
Machines employed in a wood processing operation to cast the desired shape or dimensions from the wood work piece are known as woodworking machine. It may be manual operated or computer controlled machinery. Manual machines are good for the small scale jobs while the computer controlled machines are ideal equipments for automation of wood processing tasks in industries. These CNC machines are designed in robust structural designs and therefore can well meet the heavy duty wood working requirements in tough industrial environments.
The quality of wood work in a workshop or an industry depends on the performance of these machineries. Therefore for accuracy and efficiency in wood working it is very necessary to select the appropriate form of unit in most suitable configurations to meet the desired requirements. There are different forms of woodworking machinery employed in workshops and industries for tasks like wood cutting, shaping, finishing, drilling, grinding etc. Some of the popular forms are as follows
A wood surface planer or thickness planer is a popular workshop machine used for finishing flat wooden surfaces for consistency in thickness and shape. The surface/thickness planers for industrial processes come in variant surfacing or thicknessing capacities and therefore can be selected for a hassle-free performance to better suit specific wood working requirements in different industries. A surface cum thickness planer machine is an ideal option for the workshop applications to ensure that maximum accuracy, speed and efficiency of surface and thickness finishing jobs can be achieved with a single machine.
Chain/chisel mortisers are very important wood working machine tools used for drilling holes into wooden surfaces. These mortisers are usually employed in workshops for cutting square or rectangular slots in a piece of lumber so as to get desired mortise and tenon joints.
The wooden work pieces are usually joined with the help of mortise and tenon joints where mortise is a hole drilled on wooden piece while the tenon is a projection designed to fit into this hole with best fit dimensions on other piece. tenoning machine used to craft out the tenons.
Various types of grinding tools are employed in workshops and wood industries for finishing surfaces. Grinding devices come in various specifications and configurations and can be used for performing various tasks like finishing internal cylinders or bores, sharpening the cutting tools in workshops, removing rough projections from castings, cleaning, polishing, and buffing surfaces and much more. Bench/table top grinders, blade grinders, gear type grinding tools are commonly used in wood workshops and industries.
Designing wood for artistic patterns is best possible on a jig saw woodworking. It can cut arbitrary or most irregular shapes out of wooden work piece. With the use maximum precision and swiftness in the wood designing tasks can be achieved at workshops and industries.
Apart from these several other forms of woodworking tools are employed in industries and workshops. It give efficiency to the tasks by reducing the wastage and help in accomplishing the most accurate cutting, shaping and other wood processing applications in much lesser time.
For those looking to buy wood working equipments, We can offer the most reliable versions of advanced machineries suitable for performing customized wood processing applications suitable to specific industries and workshop requirements.