Today, Sheet Metal Machines are being widely used to perform cut, drill, press and shear on various hardened materials including aluminium, brass, copper, steel, tin, nickel, etc. These operations help reform the shape and size of the materials. Uses of sheet metal machinery range from making panels for packaging to making parts for machines. These machine tools have also helped make various medical equipment and various mechanical tools. But the sheet metal machine we know today has gone through huge changes since its invention. In this article, we will see how the sheet metal machines evolved and became what we know it as today.
Introduction of the punching machine
Humans have been engaged in sheet metal works from centuries now. In the prehistoric times, need for making sophisticated tools, vessels and pieces of jewellery was one of the reasons which triggered the invention of sheet metal machines. Punching Machine is considered as one of the very first sheets metal machine. It is still used as a manual tool in small-scale industries to punch holes in metal sheets. Punch machine was used to drill holes in metal sheets using manual force.
Folding/Bending of metal sheets
When just punching hole was not enough for making a complex tool, bending of metal sheet was introduced. In the beginning, sheets were placed between a set of rolling cylinders. These cylinders clamp on sheets and form the bend. If the desired bend is not obtained, the sheets are passed through the cylinders again. This process continues until the desired bend is obtained. Modern technologies have made this machine to evolve into Magnetic Bending Machine in which electromagnets are used to form the bending.
Since the tool to be made from metal sheets varied, it was not possible to work with just folding and punching. As the use of metal products increased, there was a need for the introduction of a process that would allow cutting of large metal sheets. This was made possible only after the introduction of pivoted scissors. This enhanced the production process. Shearing Machines are still being used widely in today’s industry. These modern machines tools are made from high carbon and chrome steel blades which provide higher stability while performing the operations.
Modern machines tools
Sheet metal machines have evolved far from its predecessors. Introduction of steam power was the first turning point for these machines. Use of steam power replaced manual handling of tools and provided far better performance with a high rate of production. Next leap was the introduction of electric control machinery such as Electric Operated Slip Roll. The electric control not only eased the usage but also helps increase the productivity of the system. At small scale production plants, hand and foot operated machinery are still used but demand for a higher rate of production is forcing the replacement of traditional machines with modern machines.
International and local transport has grown considerably due to globalization and internationalization. There has been a global increase in dependency on commodities manufactured from low wage countries such as China, India, Africa and Asian nations. This has driven the demand for better shipment.
The invention of containership by Malcom Mclean’s in 1956 was perhaps the most important innovation in the transport sector. Bulk and sensitive commodities are packed and sealed in strong durable steel or aluminum boxes. These were then loaded on trucks, ships and trains for transportation.
The shape of the container allows easy stacking on top of each other. Since they are manufactured from high strength materials and locked, they are intrusion free. They also have identification number allowing for easy tracking via GPS and RFID.
Essential Parts of a Container
Standard containers are manufactured from steel or aluminum. Their shape, sizes are standardized to allow easy handling and transport.
Steel containers are 20, 30 or 40 feet long, width of 7 and 8 ft and 8, 8 ½ and 9 feet high. The side and end walls are manufactured from paneled sheets. The frame is specially designed to withstand weight of other stacked containers on top. One end has door hinges, panels and locking bars.
Aluminum types are made of steel frames while the sides, front, back, roof and bottom are made with high strength durable aluminum.
Machines used in container manufacture
The container manufacture process utilizes a great deal of sheet metal machinery. First they are cut to their specific dimensions using the shearing machine. This device is sturdy and has the capability of cutting heavy gauge plates in a guillotine manner.
Square, rectangular and round grooves are then made on the flat materials using a specially designed heavy duty press brake. The machine is fed with material and it forms the square corrugations.
The roof panels are made pressing using a specially designed press brake machine. This device punch presses the plate against the die to form the intended shape.
The floor frame is then made by cutting the plate using a shearing machine and these are folded using a press brake machine. This machine folds the material forming a U shaped bracket. A series of these brackets are welded to form a very strong base.
The door, sides and other parts are also fabricated by cutting the plates and square tubes using shearing equipment, folding the sheets using press brake and welding the parts. Fastening holes are also drilled on all parts.
Quality issues in sheet metal working
The containers must be made from good quality materials that don’t rust or corrode when exposed to harsh sea environment. The joints and other parts must be properly sealed to protect the commodities being transported.
Rising containerization process in international trade
The container market has continued to grow rapidly. In 2012, the global container fleet was 32.9 million TEU and 34.5 million TEU in 2013. This growth is expected to continue due to their global acceptance and high demand.
There has been a great difference seen in people’s outlook towards spending on modern furniture. On one hand, modernity caters to the different needs of consumers like space saving, compact, yet cost effective furniture and on the other hand people who go for owning a house are prepared to spend a little more for decorative aspects which remain within their budget. Modern furniture models come under this category.
Increasing Expectations for Home Decor
Advertisements and internet marketing have been focusing on the attractive aspects of keeping the dwelling area modern and furniture is considered one of the important features that remain quite a long term investment than those décor things that remain fragile or just a mark of fantasy. In addition, lesser space shared for inhabiting and more compact storage options has also significantly increases the demand for wooden furniture.
Woodwork Made Simple with Exclusive Machinery
In order to meet the growing percentage of furniture demand, many industries have turned their focus towards investing for higher range of production. The need for innovative and highly performing woodworking machines are seriously felt in several countries. In addition to that, it use for furniture making subsequently obtains multiple merits including,
Less labor requirement
Less cost for production
Precise measurements can be obtained with the help of respective tools
More productivity in comparatively lesser time
Suitable for making changes in interior design in comparatively less time
Creates opportunity to design complicated furniture models, etc
How Furniture Industries Tackle the Requirement for Mass Woodwork Production?
Managing Operational Requirements
Furniture industry is set to face increasing demand for innovative works. Large factories which have a huge production demand depend on automated equipments. Moderate and small range of furniture manufacturing units with in-house manufacturing facilities depends on specific timber operations like surfacing, molding, etc. When it comes to interior design wood work has greater attention as more modulations have to be done in designing therefore for effective operation equipments remains the right choice.
In some larger as well as smaller furniture making factories wood machinists are considered mandatory for operating with hand held tools like planers, saws, etc. However, since the past decade considerable transformation can be seen in woodwork industry in terms of employing machines in the place of manually operating tools.
Machine Range for Specific Woodworks
There are different types of tools available today to match particular type of work like carving, drilling, surfacing, molding, grooving, etc. We present extensive range of workshop equipments classified into sheet metal machinery. Some of the important devices available with us are,
High Speed Router for grooving and shaping wood work pieces
Tenoning tools for creating tenons to join different wooden parts
Chain Mortiser for heavy duty mortising jobs
Chisel mortise for drilling holes
Spindle molder for creating curve shapes in wood work pieces
Auto mold device for creating straight and angle molds, etc
The demand for interior decoration through variety of wood furniture has increased the application of this machinery. These equipments are found to be very useful for making furniture in short time and to create innovative interior with wood work.
Capitalize on your return and enhances production efficiency using sheet metal forming tools. These are well designed in ensuring efficiency accuracy and increases the mechanical performance in the metal forming industries. It is constructed with high quality materials enabling it to consistently operate throughout the life cycle.
Different types of metal forming machines.
There are various devices available in the market at affordable price which include: swaging, roll type edge folding, and burrying machine among many others. They have a unique feature that enables them to cut, bend, press and forms the sheet metals into different sizes and shapes in meeting the customer current demand in the industries. It operates at high speed hence increasing the production output.
Unique features of Sheet Metal Machines.
They are manufactured from high quality standards raw materials that are internationally certified for use globally. The latest technology is incorporate in ensuring hassle free product range. The equipments are available in different standards such as 4 feet, 6.5 feet and 8 feet depending on the client needs. They have high efficiency levels and give a long life service. The control boards are accessible and easy to operate as it comprises main switch with a signal that show whether the current is flowing or not.
Application of Universal & Deep Throat Swaging Machines in Sheet Metal Forming.
Universal and deep throat swaging machines are highly used in the heavy metals industries in altering the metal sheet into different shapes and sizes as per required form. It is also used in making medium sizes drums and households containers such as water buckets.
Special Features of Universal & Deep Throat Swaging Machines.
It is technically advanced in the metal sheet forming industries that support a large thickness and length. It is quite efficient to both metallic and non metallic materials. They are complete with six roll set roll such as curling rolls, flanging roll, adjustable depth gauge, handle, motor mount and motor pulley. These are very useful in swaging drum and containers.
Applications of Jenny /Burrying Machine in Sheet Metal Forming.
It is available in the market in two forms that is hand operated and motorized jenny or burrying tools. They are used in tin plating edge and flange or hurrying the edge. The forms tins and containers into different sizes and shapes depending on the current demand in the market.
Machines Used for Edge Rolling and Forming Processes.
Roll type edge folding swaging is used in tin edging and forms hooks on the seams and tin flanging. It uses a variety swaging and creates containers into different attractive sizes and unique shapes. It is highly distinguished in the market offers a wide range of folding and bending forming process.
They are several metal sheet equipments available in the market with the highest quality range as are suitable in different metal work sizes such as forming, cutting, bending and folding. The metal sheets includes: jenny or burrying, sheet metal swaging, universal and Deep Throat Swaging, and roll type edge folding. These are cost effective, easy to maintain, cost effective, durable, and affordable and makes the work easier in industries. All these special features have increased production and maximizes on the returns.
Among the workshop devices, the aspect of bending metal sheets to the desired dimension can be done only with the help of specific equipment. A drilling or milling device cannot be depended on for bending requisites. On the other hand, specific models like sheet bending will stay the right option.
Sheet Bending Process and Relevant Machinery
Apart from sheet bending machines, curving work piece metal sheets can also be done with the help of devices like press brakes. However, for accurate bending sheet metal bending will be the correct option. In addition, pertaining to the industrial demands bending process can be carried out only with the help of a precise tool such as plate bending equipment or sheet folding equipment, etc.
Finding a sheet bending machine in accordance with bending thickness required
Bending of metal sheets adds stiffness to it. Products like pressure vassals, boiler tanks and other curved metal components can be made only with the help of a bending tool. Hence, for thick metal work pieces plate bending tool will stay the right choice and for higher accuracy in bending thick metal sheets a steel body fly bending is applied.
Different Types of Sheet Bending Equipments
Power press, pillar type power press, bending roller, hydraulic press are some of the important models preferred for sheet bending process. However, every model is equipped with different bending and work piece load handling capacities.
Specifications of sheet bending device
A C type power press is a popular bending model that helps in cutting and bending operations apart from sheet bending. A pillar type power press works is a convenient tool in cutting heavy duty metal work pieces. Similarly, hydraulic press is more efficient of all sheet bending. It is the most preferred machining component that is applied in automobile, rubber and plastic industry where bending is required.
Technical significance of metal sheet bending
We offers various sizes and various working capacities to several industries like construction, engineering, automobiles, etc. They consider the customized requests from clients and deliver suitable devices to them. Apart from that, every machine is made of sturdy material which keeps them work for long term.
Special Features offered by Bhavya Machines
Pricing is the first advantageous feature found in Bhavya Machine tools. Apart from that, it is quiet easy to find a high performing model from them as they have only specific models of sheet bending that are all known for automated operations. Benefits of buying Sheet metal bending apparatus
Buying a sheet metal apparatus by selecting the machine in terms of its compatibility with the bending dimensions required is more important. You can find the suitable range of tooling components for bending requirements for different work piece materials.
Sheet metal bending apparatus are customized in terms of the bending dimensions made possible in the machinery and in terms of the metal work piece load handling capacity. Thus selection will help to obtain the right bending and stiffness to the material.
The various sheet metal machineries for shearing, bending and cutting are described below:
The mechanical press brake has a sturdy frame built from high grade steel. It also consists of steel plates with appropriate thickness and machined guide ways. This strain-free equipment supports ram and bed from unnecessary deflection under tolerable loads. The power is transmitted via two individual gear drives to uniformly distribute load throughout its length. While the hydraulic press brake comprises of superior quality hydraulic components. It has two cylinders mounted at back side and connected through mechanical links. They are also synchronized for parallel motion between ram and table. The heavy duty steel frame can absorb heavy shocks caused by overloading. All edges are accurately machined and welded for durability. The power unit is fixed appropriately on the wall; hence the operator can easily reach the push button and foot switch.
The hydraulic shearing has a squaring arm on left and right side with hardened lines for even load distribution. The front gauging has stops and scales on squaring arm. The recessed table includes hardened rods to feed sheets easily. The sheet is supported by long plates; and the ramp on back side slides to allow cutting sheets outside shear area. It also has a finger safety guard that provides clear view of cutting area. The movable foot switch provides easy and convenient operation. It also has an efficient, compact power pack with least piping. The neat electrical wiring enables easy trouble shooting. Whereas the under crank shearing device is precise and robustly constructed for uninterrupted production, repeatability. It has a foot pedal, fly wheel, gear guard, self lubricating system, motor pulley, and a pair of four edged shear blades. The front and back gauge is manually operated and the finger guard in the front protects the operator. Further, the over crank shearing is accurate and works constantly and repeatedly. It consists of four edged, single segment knives for longer durability. They can be easily assembled and minimizes downtime. The scale on back gauge enables instant reading of distance between shear and back gauge.
The plate bending machine can handle heavy stresses and loads. It is highly safe, requires minimum power and reduces running cost. It is designed to deliver top quality products, increase unit durability; prevent breakdown and revenue loss. Further the section bending tool includes motorized drive for bottom rolls; foot switch control switch and reverse forward starter for easy, quick changeover of rolls; a scale for adjusting rolls; and hardened, grinded shafts.
The various applications of mechanical, hydraulic press brake; hydraulic, under crank, over crank shearing; plate, section bending includes electric panels, roofing, bus bodies, kitchen equipments, generator enclosures, steel tanks, stainless steel equipments, coil cutting industries, air condition ducts, container manufacturing, flour making, industrial structures, rail coaches, tipper trucks, wind mill manufacturing, turbine enclosures, etc. Hence these sheet metal machineries for shearing, bending and cutting are used in several industries.
Metals play an important part in our lives today. Think of any object around us and either it is made of metal or some part of it is of metal. Metals are an integral part of our lives today. A number of different types of machines are involved in giving shape to these metals.
Metal industries and workshops use various kinds of sheet metals to bend the hard metal sheets, or rods, of steel, brass, iron etc. and shape them according to the need. These are used in the manufacture of pipes, automobiles, buildings, decorative items, house hold items etc.
The products made by sheet metal are very specific, size and shape is precise and the quality is superior.
Different types of sheet metal machines have varied industrial applications.
Sheet Bending – To manufacture various products from metal these tools are used. Steel, titanium, copper and many more metals can be bent and shaped.
C Type Power Press – Its shape is like letter ‘C’. Industries where metal sheets need to be bent, pressed or cut with more force, power presses are used.
Pillar Type Power Press – It is used to cut or bend thick metal sheets when a lot of force is required. It works very fast and makes less noise.
Pyramid type Bending Rollers – It is mostly used in the industries making cones, wind mills, ship parts, channels for air conditioners and fabrication of aluminium and steel.
Hydraulic Press Brake – This sheet metal is used for very accurate bending of metal sheets and plates in many industries. It uses hydraulic pressure to bend the metal sheets.
Mechanical Press Brake – These are very precise and fast devices to bend sheets of metal. The flywheel works with an electric motor.
Hydraulic Shearing – From a large stash of metal smaller sheets of metal are cut using this equipment. Different kind of materials, metal and non metal, can be cut with it. It’s very safe to use and requires minimum maintenance.
Hydraulic Press Brakes – It is a strong machine used to bend sheets and plates of metal very accurately in a number of industries. As it uses hydraulic power to operate, and the ram can stop without difficulty, as and when required, so the machine is very safe to use.
Small Sheet Metal – These are used in small scale industries dealing in wood or metals, to cut, bend, press or form metal. Various types of small sheet metal machines are available in the market.
Hand Operated Metal Sheet Bending – For various bending operations, different types of these are available. It is used in big industries to cut, bend, punch, and shear metal sheets.
CNC Syncro Hydraulic Press Brake – These are used in the industry for a number of operations. Metal can be formed, punched, pierced, notched etc. with these tools.
NC Hydraulic Press Brake – These are easy to work with, bending work can be done quite fast so it is cost effective.
Thus sheet metal machines are available in different shapes and sizes in the market. Different brands offer different types of machines with different functions. One can buy these equipment depending on the type of job work to be undertaken in the industry.
Sheet metal machines are primarily utilized for cutting, shaping, pressing, and forming metal sheets into specific shapes and dimensions. Nowadays a number of sheet metal are available in the market. The various kinds of tools used in workshops are as follows.
The power press is mainly used in several heavy duty industrial applications that require immense pressure for cutting, bending, pressing and forming sheet metals in various forms and sizes. They are basically categorized as C type power press and the pillar type power press. These exceptional and versatile sheet metal machines are used for a variety of metal working operations. The hydraulic power press uses hydraulic pressure and includes the latest electrical and mechanical parts.
The arbour press is a small hand operated press tools utilized specially for precisely inserting and pressing small pieces of metal, and for riveting. This is widely used in automobile workshops, engineering units and other metal applications. The spring controlled arbour press involves automatic spring tension and adjustment to provide the necessary pressure on the workpiece. It is commonly used for light engineering jobs. The round can top and bottom seaming arbour press, is a unique unit that is used to seam the top and bottom of round tin containers. The foot press or pendulum arbour press is a foot operated machine which is generally used for cutting, punching and embossing tins, cards, mica board, plastic, etc.
The bending roller is a sheet metal machine which is used to produce sheet metal bending rolls and standard parts such as top roll and bottom roll. These bending rollers are manufactured according to industry standard sizes as well as per the customer’s requirements. They are available in a broad variety that includes mechanical plate bending, hydro-mechanical plate bending, plate rolling and pyramid type plate bending equipment.
A swaging machine is utilized for modifying the dimensions of plain or cylindrical metal sheets. It is actually a hand operated mechanical tool that performs numerous forging operations on flat metal sheets as well as on cylindrical rods. The universal and deep throat swaging units are utilized for altering the shape and size of sheet metal as required. They are hand operated or mechanized and used in heavy metal industries. Other applications include swaging drums and containers such as water buckets. The jenny or burring device is used for machining tins and containers. The main applications involve plating, edging and flanging the bottom and body of tins, as well as angular setting and double seaming. The roll type edge folding swaging device is utilized for tin edging, forming hooks on side seams and tin flanging. It is also used for making tin containers of various shapes and sizes.
A wide range of bending equipments such as the hand operated trunk folding, the steel body fly press, and hand operated metal sheet bending, are used for bending metal bars, blades, handles, etc.
These days a broad range of sheet metal machinery is utilized for performing various functions such as metal cutting, bending, pressing, forming, perforating, spinning, roll forming, press brake forming, deep drawing, rolling, decambering, ironing, stamping, etc. Moreover, these machines are manufactured using the most modern technology in order to execute complicated sheet metal working tasks easily, effectively and economically. Following are some facts about it.
These are widely used to form or create flat and thin pieces of sheet metal. They have several domestic, commercial, as well as industrial applications. Basically it is produced in the form of long metal sheets. It is then accurately cut down into sheets of smaller lengths and required sizes using either punch cutting, laser cutting, or computer numerically controlled cutting process using suitable machines.
Cutting is the primary function of a sheet metal machine. It is done in order to cut metal sheets into several small pieces of the required shapes. A variety of cutting tools or equipments are utilized for cutting the metal sheets, which include both machine tools and hand tools. Perforating is another important function performed by them. It is used to fabricate or manufacture metal sheets, and metal objects with small or large holes. Perforated metal working is done for both functional as well as decorative purposes. Laser cutting is the latest method of cutting metal sheets. A CNC sheet metal machine is used to very accurately cut metal sheets into required shapes and patterns using a laser beam, that quickly cuts metal.
Sheet Metal Machinery
Besides this sheet metal equipment is also used to carry out spinning. This accurate workshop machine is basically involved in a process that involves moving or rotating a piece of metal, vertically or horizontally at very high speeds. This process has commercial as well as artistic applications. It is commonly used for making decorative household items, special lighting products, and ornament pieces. The commercial usage includes preparing round metal objects, instruments, bells, cones, gas cylinders, kitchen appliances, waste disposing containers, etc.
Roll forming is also one of the functions of sheet metals. It actually involves the process of passing a large strip of metal through a set of rollers. This process is chiefly used to create metal parts and products on a large scale, and metal sheets of extra long lengths. Moreover, roll forming is comparatively a simple, fast and economical process.
Press brake forming process is another sheet metal function that is used for numerous purposes such as metal framing, metal housing, etc. This is an ideal process for producing metal spare parts and metallic products. Moreover, metal drawing is also done using these sheet metal. In this procedure, a metal sheet or plank, is extended or stretched for making metal objects such as metal sinks used in kitchens and washrooms. There are also a large variety of other industrial applications of deep drawing that include automobile, plastic, dairy, aerospace and pharmaceutical.
A sheet metal machine is used to cut, press, bend and form sheet metal into various shapes and sizes. These help to easily, quickly and effectively; perform a wide range of tasks, such as cutting, stamping, bending, perforating, ironing, spinning, deep drawing, roll forming, press brake forming, rolling, decambering, wheeling etc. metals are available in various gauges or thicknesses; and are used for manufacturing an extensive variety of metal products.
How to Buy Sheet Metal Machinery?
Nowadays, many companies in several industries utilize sheet metal. Following are the things to know before buying it. A broad array of used, as well as new is readily available in the market. Hence you should first decide whether you want to purchase a used or a new.
Fixing the Budget for Sheet Metal Machinery
There are several local shops as well as online stores that sell different types of tools. However, before visiting any of these shops or stores, you should plan your budget and consider your specific requirements. First of all decide your budget limits, as this is basically the amount that you will be spending for the sheet metal machine. After arriving at the final amount you should also consider whether it will be possible to go beyond that fixed budget amount; and what will be the maximum amount that you are willing to pay. Hence it is always advisable to set a budget limit before buying the machine.
Look for Specifications of Sheet Metal Machinery
Today lots of people prefer to buy an imported sheet metal unit through the internet, in order to view the broad range of available equipment; and also browse through the specifications of each model, and then select the most appropriate product as per their needs and budget. You can also easily get all the related information on the internet; including all the types of machines sold in the market and their price.
Where to Buy Sheet Metal Machinery?
After you have selected the website to buy these sheet metal machines, you should refer the contact details and confirm the availability of the particular model you plan to buy. It is also better to check the current price of the tool and delivery time. You must also inquire about the warranty period and after sales support for the product.
Further there are many online stores that sell used equipment. Hence you should ensure that they are in good working condition and available at reasonable rates. Some companies even sell cheap equipments that may not work properly. It is therefore better to buy good quality products at a relatively higher price, as they are more reliable, effective and long lasting.
It also necessary to assess the reputation of the company that sells these sheet metal. The best way is to obtain the feedback of the existing users and then take the right decision. You may also take advice of the people having more knowledge and experience about these tools. Hence, it is worth spending your time to gather all the relevant information since buying a machine is a one time investment.