Drill FAQ – What is Drill, Types of Drills, Drill Bits, Safety Measures of Drill Machine

DRILL FAQ

Drill FAQ will give you idea about the types of drill machines and their various industrial applications. Here it is tried to describe the common queries and needful information for drilling machine. For further query about the tools and their technical specification, you can visit the website – http://www.bhavyamachinetools.com

What is drill?

Drill is a tool used with cutter device like drill bit to drill various size of holes in solid materials like metal, wood and concrete etc.

What are the available types of drills?

There are various types of drills such as manual hand operated drills like bow drill, gimlet, breast drill and push drill. Electrical drills are pistol grip drill, hammer drill, cordless drill, drill press, radial drill and drilling cum milling machine.

What are drill bits?

Drill bits are the cutting tools used to create cylindrical holes in solid materials. Drill bits are held in the drills to get torque on rotation which creates holes.

What are the types of available drill bits?

There are various types of drill bits used in Industrial applications. Universal drill bits are used to make holes in wood, metal, plastic and others. There are different variants of universal bits like twist drill bits, step drill bit, unibit, hole saw etc, Metal drill bits as the name suggest, is used in metalworking for drilling. Variants of metal drill bits are center and spotting drill bits, core drill bit, countersink bit, ejector drill bit, gun drill bit, indexable drill bit etc. Wood drill bits are used for drilling in wood with different types of bits includes lip and spur drill bits, wood spade bits, spoon bits, forstner drill bits, center bits, auger bits, gimlet bits and adjustable wood bits etc. There are other bits used for different materials like diamond core bits, masonry drill bits, glass drill bits, PCB drill bits etc.

Where Pillar drill machines are used?

These are used to drill the solid materials with different sizing capacities ranging from 13mm to 40mm. It is used for tapping, screwing, counter boring, lapping etc. Easy installation and smooth operation with this type of drill press have made it more popular in commercial usage.

Where Radial drill machines are used?

Radial arm to drilling increase the operation versatility. Drilling of large and heavy metals and solid materials are executed quite systematically with accuracy and precision. The high quality steel parts, drilling column, arms and geared work head increase the tolerance capacity of the machine. This heavy capacity radial drills are used where it needs to bear high drilling resistant for drilling heavy metals with precision work ranging from 25mm to 40mm.

Why to use all Geared radial drill machine?

This is the advanced radial drill equipment and used in the industries where required high performance and precision drilling. It equipped with gears can greatly handle and adjust the speed of spindle to enhance the drilling accuracy with high drilling force. It is used with auto feed and fine feed to drill 40mm, 45mm drilling capacities in metalworking industries.

Where to use Drilling cum milling machine?

This two in one combo function machine is used for drilling as well milling and other machining like slotting and tapping. This high performance multi tasking drill machine is used where multiple job work needs to be done by a single operator occasionally or frequently.

What are the safety measures one must take during drilling operation?

It is one of the risky instruments during drilling execution. Several precautionary measures can prevent the accidents like always use holding device to fix the work piece from being escaped. Don’t shake/adjust the work piece while drilling is on. Use brush to clean the drilled matter to avoid burn. Keep any of the flammable material away from the drilling place. Hold the drill machine straight during drill cutting. Keep the drilling table clean during and after the process. One must use face protector to protect face and eye during drilling. Drilling must be careful to avoid breakage of drill bits that can harmful to the operator. Check the drill bits and drill unit well before operation. Drill bits must be sharpened.

Drill Machine – Types of Drills, Applications of Drill Machines

Drill Machine

Drill is a machine tool used for drilling the holes in solid materials like metal and wood with drill bit or driver bit. Drills are used in wide range of applications in metalworking, constructions and woodworking industries. The small drill is used for our household requirements to make holes on wall and materials. These are available in various sizes and power capacities. Drill is one of the oldest handy tools used from very beginning of the industrial era.

Types of Drills

Varieties of drills are manufactured as per the industrial needs. They are categorized based on different parameters like manual drills and automatic drill machines. Manual drills are referred as hand powdered drills used with hand pressure on the device/material to drill a hole. Manual drill variants are Bow drill, Gimlet, Breast drill and push drill etc. These are powered with electricity or compressed air known as electronic drill and pneumatic drill respectively. Drilling work is carried out at different locations with various types of drills including construction drill, wells drill, thermal drill etc. All drills have different applications of drilling from small to bigger size hole.

Pistol grip drill is commonly used in our daily work. Right angle drill is used in plumbing and electrical works. Hammer drill is similar to electrical drill with addition of hammer action on the same device. Rotary hammer drill is equipped with rotation mechanism used for drilling in solid constructions. Cordless drills with inbuilt rechargeable battery power are used where electrical supply is not reachable for drilling. Cordless drills consume high power. Thus need more spare batteries on charge during the drilling work to replace effectively on discharge of installed batteries.

Drill Press/Pillar Drill Machine

Drill press is the drill machine that can be stand mounted or fixed with floor or workbench through bolting. Drill press also known as pillar drill consist base, column, table, drill head and spindle. This bench drill use induction motor supply to execute the drilling operation faster with small or bigger drill bit. Drill press is quite lighter and efficient for operator compare to hand drill. The clamping of drill press makes the convenient positioning for precision and accurate drilling operation.

Radial Drill Machine

Radial drill machine with geared head put up press on large area without repositioning the work piece. Radial arm drill press is manufactured with several dimensions of drill head and varying base plate. Different thickness and size of drill bits are used here to drill from small to large size holes. These are very much popular and widely used in automotive, workshops and garages.

Drilling cum Milling Machine

Drilling cum milling machine is used for both drilling and milling operation. This lighter machine is having great option of milling capabilities to save the space including the added functionalities of shaping the materials.

Applications of Drill Machines

The basic function of drill machine is to create hole of different size in solid materials. Different drills are used for industry specific applications. Drill rigs are used to drill water wells and oil wells. Hand drills are used for screwing and fastening. Electrical pistol grip drill is used in common masonry works by builders, electricians and plumbers. Hammer drill is specifically used by carpenters to drill and fix the wooden parts. Cordless drills are useful where electrical supply is not possible to get for drilling. Pillar drill machine (also referred as drill press) is used in commercial applications where it required bulk production of drilled materials in various size and shape like metal sheets, plastic, wood, glass and concrete construction applications. The induction based power supply is easily controlled in drill press to increase or decrease the drilling speed and capacity. The capacity of drill press differs with pillar diameter, spindle nose, spindle travel, spindle speed and electronic motor used in the machine. These are widely used in automobile, printing and engineering field to increase the durability and tensile strength of the machine with effective execution to the resistive materials with quality performance. Milling cum drilling machine is broadly adopted in the industries where required mixing and grinding of solid and liquid substances.

Tool Room – Types of Tool Room Machines, Toolroom Setup

Tool room

Tool room is the room where the tools are kept for storage, prepare, repairing and machining. The space area can be varied based on the types of the tool room machines and applications. It may include high end electro-mechanical equipments for different applications like grinding, milling, shaping, slotting of metals. In lower scale, it can be defined as a small room to store all tools for servicing and repairing before giving it to the workers for operation. It consisting the big racks, shelves, cupboards and workbench to store and repair the tools. Thus it can have the facilities to design, manufacture and repair the custom requirements.

Types of Tool room Machines

There are various types manufactured by the tools manufacturing companies. Some of them are available with standard technical specifications as well can be manufactured as per industry specific application requirements. Major metalworking equipments are included in the types of tool room equipments. The widely used are Grinding, milling, shaping, slotting, bandsaw and hacksaw devices.

Grinding Machine – It is categorized further in manual surface grinder, hydraulic cylindrical grinder and centerless grinder. Grinding of metals and other materials are carried out by these devices with manual or hydraulic pressure. These are widely used in various industrial applications including engineering, automobiles and electrical.

Milling Machines – These are used to shape the metals and solid materials as per the defined or custom specifications. It is executed manually or automatically based on the types of milling devices that are manual milling, mechanical milling and digital CNC milling for automatic execution.

Shaping Machine – V Belt shaping with wide industrial acceptance to cut metals in curvature shape or angularly. The strength is high to work on ferrous and non-ferrous metals.

Slotting Machine – Metal & wood slotting is the prime requirements to cut and shape the metal slots on the head of metal and wood to create screws, bolts, wood screws and automobile custom parts. It with variation from slow to fast execution depends on the types in the market.

Bandsaw Machine – It is specialized for irregular cutting and curving of the metal shapes with precision accuracy. Based on technical features, various bandsaw devices from horizontal to double column are used in industrial applications.

Hacksaw Machine – It is used in wide range of industries for long time. The metal cutting efficiency of hacksaw unit is unbeatable with high accuracy and precision gathered with hydraulic hacksaw. Mechanical and semi hydraulic are also applied in applications where it needs low pressure.

Toolroom Setup

Tool room setup is the process to setup precision equipments as per the custom prototype machining for the operation, repairing and production. Setting up it required highly efficient and skilled execution with plan out the application installations for current and future requirements of tool room machineries.

Uses of Lathe Machine, Press Brake and Grinding Machines in Metal Forming

Metals are casted into different shapes and sizes and used for various applications. This shaping and metal forming process is usually carried out with the help of various kinds of machinery in industries like automobile, engineering, electronics etc. Some of the widely used categories of metal forming equipment include lathe machines, press brakes and grinding machines.

Lathe Machine

A lathe machine for metalworking applications comes in various forms and specifications. There are light duty, medium and heavy duty, roll turning and all geared lathe used to carry out different metal shaping tasks in different industries. While light duty lathes are widely preferred for low volume metal shaping tasks like in tool rooms, the medium and heavy duty lathe are usually preferred for industrial applications where bulk metal forming is the requirement. There are different uses with lathe. It can be used to cut, drill, knurl and deform different kinds of metals. Metals can be shaped to create objects that have symmetry about an axis of rotation.

Press Brake

Press brakes are common at the workplaces where metal bending is performed. With a press brake, metal sheets and plates can be bent and shaped to different dimensions and sizes accurately. A press brake forms predetermined bends by clamping the work piece between a matching punch and die. The shape of die determines the shape to which metal is bent. Therefore for performing shaping of metals to different shapes usually different kinds of dies are used. Press brake for metal bending now comes in different forms and specifications. Mechanical as well as hydraulic press brakes are two widely used forms of metal bending press brakes. Mechanical are generally preferred for low volume tasks where as the hydraulic ones are apt for large volume metal formations.

Grinding Machine

Grinding machine in metal forming applications is widely used to grind metals for better surface finish. It is very easy to work on the metals which must show high surface quality and high accuracy of shape and dimension. It like jig grinders can also be used for grinding holes and pins where as the belt grinders are apt for applications like finishing, deburring, and stock removal. Apart from these there are tool & cutter grinding machine which are best for low volume tool room applications and also the cylindrical grinders that are widely used in industries for making precision rods, tubes, bearing races, bushings, and many other metal parts.

How to Select Power Press for Metal Forming Applications?

Press machines or press brakes are the most important metal shaping tools. With these one can easily bend, cut and form the shapes of various kinds of metals. Different kinds of press machines are available in the market today. There are mechanical presses, hydraulic presses, arbor press, punch press and many more. However when it comes to the bulk metal shaping and forming tasks for industrial requirements is widely preferred.

It is actually an advanced and a powerful sheet metal equipments that can cut, press, bend and form sheet metal into different shapes and sizes. With a high quality power press the task of shaping and bending metals can also be carried out much accurately and faster too. It is possible to shape and cut various kinds of metals to precision with a power press. There are different kinds of devices available in market today out of which C type and pillar type machines are the most popular. Apart from these there are H type and also mechanical and hydraulic variants available in each category of machines.

The mechanical power presses require manual help for task execution while the hydraulic power presses are powered by hydraulic forces and are usually the automatic versions of metal shaping devices which operate without manual help. Therefore with hydraulic machines, metal shaping tasks can be carried much efficiently and with less labor required than the manually operated ones. So for those looking for this machine for low volume tasks like in tool room or workshops, mechanical variants will be sufficient and also can be got at much affordable prices but if the requirement is for bulk industrial applications then manual power press will not be suitable kind. Going for hydraulic versions will be better way to get high quality and top level performance with higher outputs necessary to speed up the bulk applications.

Now-a-days these are available in C type, pillar type as well as H type frame constructions. Depending on the application where the unit is to be used and budget affordable one can go for selection of any of these. These are frequently pre-loaded with parts like shaft, gears, clutch, table and ram help for easy, fast and precise sheet bending operations. While selecting a power press for metal forming applications, one should definitely check out the quality and capacity of these components to ensure that the equipments you are investing in can give the apt performance you are looking for. Always select it that suits your requirement best. Do not get carried with unnecessary attractions offered by the dealers. You can go for either standard or can get designed a customized model depending on your requirements. A customized sheet metal power press can give you much better performance as per your requirements which might sometimes not be the case with the standard models. Do not finalize a model with a certain manufacturer initially. Enquire about various kinds of models available with various manufacturers and distributors and then select an appropriate machine that falls in your budget.

Machine Tools – Grinding Machine, Shaping Machine, Milling Machine

Grinding Machine

Grinding machine is one of the important tools for industrial usage. It is also referred as Grinder. It has two abrasive wheels for grinding the work piece. Grinder can be used to cut and grinding the work piece or metal piece through power controlled abrasive wheels that can be run on desired speed for better grinding. These abrasive wheels are used as a cutter that has a rough surface cuts small chips from the work piece and makes the metal piece surface area smoother with accurate cutting. Thus it removes material from the work piece by the abrasion method. This process generates heat which needs to be cooled for easy operation. Inbuilt coolant cools down the generated heat during the grinding process. Grinder cuts the metal with high quality and accuracy to give the best precision work. There are various types of grinding machines are available in the market for different industrial grinding needs. Belt grinder is used for debarring and grinding of metals and materials with coated abrasives. Bench grinder with different grain sized wheels are used for roughing and finishing of shaping tool bits and used for manual operation. Tool & cutter grinding are used for different industrial tools and cutter to grind and shape with precision accuracy. CNC controlled surface grinder are used manually for grinding the metal or other work pieces. Jig grinding machine is used to finish jigs, dies and fixtures. It is used in the process of manufacturing high quality precision gear.

Shaping Machine – It is used to cut flat metal surface. It is used when it needs to cut large amount of metal from the workspace compare to milling. Back and forth movements of top cutter through rotating wheels cut the measured amount of metal surface portion and carefully bolted down. The mechanism of the device is simple and widely used in major industries now days; though there are more technological advanced featured machines are available. Shaping is mechanical tool used to cut and shape metals like steel, aluminium etc.

Milling Machine – Cutting of solid metals is quite easy and accurate with milling machine. There are two types of classical segmented millings are used in industries. Horizontal milling and vertical milling. Sizes of these are vary as per the cutting requirements of metal from small, bench mounted and big room size milling machine. There is a movement of workspace radially passing through the rotating cutter of the milling machine that cut and smooth the surface of sides and tips. The speed of this cutting tool is controlled by electric panel. There are various types of variants available as per the industrial needs.

Metal Shaping, Sizing, Slotting & Bending with Machine Tools

Metal shaping and sizing is a big industries which needs heavy machine tools to differently shaping a cutting of the metals. Handling with tools are totally mechanical works with electrical integration. In this process metal work piece is carved by the industrial machine tools as per the required shape and size to be performed by unique types of tools specialized in cutting and shaping the metal as per the needs. In this article, it is discussed about very few useful metal types of machinery used in various industries frequently on daily basis to prepare the metal work pieces in new forms.

Slotting Machine: Slotting and shaping are the functionality of this machine. Solid metal parts are cut through mounted cutting tool with movable table parts to move the metal part back and forth to slot at various angles. It is widely used in industrial manufacturing of T-slotted metal, grooves and metal curved parts.

Shaping Machine: Easy and efficient shaping of the metal piece is carried out by this  tool. Metal shaping with precision work is done through It. For more details of technical specification and applications, you can log on the website www.bhavyamachinetools.com Continue reading

Types of Machines Used for Shaping and Cutting Metals

Types of Machines Used for Shaping and Cutting Metals

The use of metal has become essential in many industries like automobiles, construction, electrical, furniture etc. Thus, there are many equipments used for shaping and cutting metals for the faster production. The need of robust and efficient machines is always there in various industries so that there is fast production at minimum costs. In different industries there are various requirements in terms of cutting and shaping metals. There are different types available to suit the different requirements, as given below:-

Shaping Machine

It is used in many industries as it is used to shape straight and flat metal surfaces as well as for cutting various metals like steel, aluminium ferrous and non-ferrous metals to form different angles, shapes and curves.

Power Press

Power press is a tool which is used to bend, cut, press in order to form metals into different shapes and sizes. Power press is one type of sheet metal and is used in various industry segments as it is extremely versatile unit used for metals.

Slotting Machine

Slotting like a shaping machine is a type of tool room equipment used to shape and cut metal and wood materials. It can make slots on heads of metal screws, wooden screws, bolts and other automobile components. Perfect slotting has been achieved out of the slotting machine because it incorporates advanced technology.

Milling Machine

It is used to accurately shape different metals and solid materials. It is being used in tool rooms in various industries for cutting and shaping metals. Milling are basically diversified into two forms, horizontal milling and vertical milling. Further, it has been classified into manually operated milling, mechanical automated milling and CNC milling. All these milling machines can cut, drill and shape metals to be used in different applications.

Press Brake

Press brake is a machine which is used to bend metal sheets and plates to form them in different sizes and shapes. The press brake is advantageous in terms of speed and accuracy. The metals bend by press brake are used in various industrial applications and manufacturing automobiles, home appliances etc.

The above mentioned are only some of the machines used for metal cutting, shaping and bending.