Rotary filling was the first in base of invention of the first milling machine that reduced the efforts need to put on hand filling and save the time. The development history is still unclear as the variety of custom machines performing the functions of milling machine were available in individual shops and factories before. Rotary milling was the ancestor of first. It is a unique machine tools first manufactured during 1814 to 1818 in two federal armories of the USA.
James Nasmyth is the famous name who built the advanced milling machine during 1829 to 1831, ahead of it’s time to mill the six sides of hex nut. Gay & silver also used a prototype of milling machine for vertical milling which was a better method than earlier milling versions. Till then milling machine was a part of production machine and not toolroom machines.
1840 to 1860 was the era of designing for successful milling machine by Lincoln Miller. Different companies were making the milling machines on the common configuration. George S. Lincoln & Company first put the true commercial milling machine in the market on 1855. Based on the company, the name to machine was given as milling machine.
Brown & Sharpe’s were the first to make universal milling machine in 1861, which was unique in design and function itself. This patented machine the milling cutters use to sharpen the teeth did not change the form geometry.
Joseph W Roe, the founder of many machine tools has created the first true milling machine in co-ordination with Eli Whitney, the private arm maker during 1912 to 1916. Robert S. Woodbury and other scholars had improved the design and functioning of the Roe’s first true milling machine. Robert Johnson, Cap. John H. Hall, Simeon North, Roswell Lee and Thomas Blanchard are the few names of researchers and engineers who had contributed in development and improvement in the previous type of milling machine.
From 1870 to the mid of twentieth century till first world war, the various other forms of milling machines came into existence like universal milling machine for tool room, jobbing and production use.
After World War I, new advanced versions including jig machines and milling machine with CNC technology have come up with various milling features and functionalities.
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A slotting machine is a machine which is used to slot materials made of metal and wood. It can make slots on heads of screws, bolts and other automobile components as well as other similar parts. The main purpose of is to shape and cut hard materials like metal and wood. These are generally used in heavy industries like electrical, construction, furniture, automotive etc. These are considered as heavy duty robust machines specially designed for quick and accurate metal productions. These are well known for their high performance, low maintenance cost and longer functional life. It is one of the important machine tools in the sheet metal industries as well in electrical, furniture and construction industries. It is also known as vertical shaper consisting of base, column and table, ram and tool head assembly, saddle and cross slide, rams drive mechanism and feed mechanism.
Specifications of a Slotting Machine
It is designed in such a way that it is of high standards, uniform and systematic. To elaborate, we can say that it has reasonable arrangement suiting to construction. While using it is quite convenient and easy to maintain.
The electric equipment is suitable for 3 phases and A.C. power.
It is just perfect for small batch production shop as well as the work shops where large production at high speed is required. It is used in various processes, model surfaces, key seating etc., of any workshop.
How Does a Slotting Machine Work?
It can take up all the cutting forces because its base is rigidly built. The vertical column has a front face and has guide ways in the reciprocating ram. That reciprocating ram supports the tool head to which the tool is attached. The material is mounted on the table which can be given horizontal and vertical rotary feed motion.
Types of Slotting Machines
There are two types available, standard and deluxe. Standard slotting machine is a heavy duty machine which removes metal from large castings and the deluxe slotting machine is designed with extra features and to work on high speeds than a standard.
Applications of Slotting Machines
The main applications are cutting keys, slots, metal sheets, grooves of various shapes and forming regular or irregular shapes used in many manufacturing units. It can be used in any workshop where vertical tool movement is necessary and required to manufacture different metal objects.
How to Select a Slotting Machine
If you need to buy a slotting machine for your workshop, make sure that you buy from a reliable and reputed tool room machines supplier offering it with significant features like durability, sturdy structure, spontaneous functional ability etc. it should be manufactured from best raw materials and using latest technology. Ensure that you buy only technically advanced slotting machines so that your workshop manpower is safe and can perform at its best.
A milling machine is a workshop tool used to shape solid materials like metal, wood, plastics etc. It is different than a lathe machine because in a lathe machine the material to be cut moves, whereas in the milling machine, the cutting tool moves at a high speed. Basically it can be classified into various types like horizontal, vertical , turret and CNC. Before knowing how to install this, it would be better to have some information about different types of milling machines as given below:-
It consists of overhead arm supports and cutters that are arbor driven. It is cost effective as it produces only high quality material. A horizontal requires less manpower which reduces the manufacturing cost of the material. A horizontal machine is an excellent workshop tool which provides several years of efficient performance. It just needs to take care of properly and proper steps should be followed while using it which will keep it in best condition for years altogether.
Vertical Milling Machine
It is just similar to above in terms of performance and production of quality material. These both machines differ only because of the spindle axis orientation. Moreover, vertical are cheaper than horizontal and so are quite popular.
Universal Milling Machine
It can be fitted with various attachments to enhance their operations. The indexing fixture, table swivel housing, rotary table, rack cutting attachments etc., are some of the attachments that can be made..
Turret Milling Machine
It can be repositioned at any time making this machine versatile and very functional. The versatility of the turret makes it more practical as many different kinds of materials can be produced with the help of it
All the above types can be further categorized to manually operated equipment as well as computer operated which are also known as CNC milling machines. It has many advantages as they give fast and accurate results. However, the steps to be followed while installing it depends on the you have purchased. If you have bought a it from a reliable supplier of machine tools, then you will get a manual which specifies the steps to be followed while installing the machine you have purchased. Below mentioned are the common steps to be followed for installing a horizontal or vertical milling machine:-
For shipping purposes, the hand cranks are inverted to face the machine. To reverse them, engage the lock mechanism to saddle and table.
Lower knee approximately.
Withdraw the safety pin on the left-hand side of ram adapter.
Loosen the four unite head mounting bolts.
Support unit head manually and use a spanner on swivel bolt to wind into upright position.
Press the safety pin back to the ram adapter after passing the 25 degree mark.
Tighten the four unit head mounting bolts to a diagonal sequence.
Besides these installation steps, you need to follow some safety measures which are given below:-
A lathe machine is an important machine tool in a workshop as it is basically used to shape the metal articles. Initially the basic operation was to cut cylindrical metal stock which was then further developed to produce screw threads, tapered work, drilled holes, knurled surfaces and crank shafts. It provides a variety of rotating speeds and a facility to manually and automatically move the cutting tool into the work piece. The workshop owners and the workers should be thoroughly familiar about the different lathe tools and its operations to accomplish the jobs of cutting, shaping and fabricating metal sheets. So below given are the different types used for different applications and you can choose one for your workshop according to the nature of the job to be completed.
Light Duty Lathe Machine
These are generally small size with a swing of 10 inches or less, mounted to a bench or table top. These are made of quality tested material and is used in electronic, electrical and automobile industries. It can be used in almost all machining jobs but may be limited due to the size of the material that can be turned.
Medium Duty Lathe Machines
It consist of a strong bed casting made of close grained cast iron. Even under high pressure and heavy load, it can give best performance without vibrations. It can be used in different industrial and mechanical applications like turning, shaping, facing, boring and threading of all kinds of metals. It has been successful in performing many difficult tasks of metal cutting and shaping in many manufacturing units.
Heavy Duty Lathe Machine
These are manufactured from highest grades of material like iron and steel. It is designed for performing many tasks efficiently like screw cutting, sliding and surfacing operations. It has dimensional accuracy due to which it ensures high tensile strength and longer service life. Moreover, heavy duty are quite easy to install and operate.
Extra Heavy Duty Lathe Machine
These are considered as highly efficient which are used in steel & paper mills, oil country, ship building, power plants, mining and textile industries. This type is available in various models of different technical specifications referring to type of bed, length and width of bed, lead screw diameter etc. Extra heavy duty lathe machines are manufactured using high grade durable material which enables it to have a long service life. Moreover, these are well known for their low maintenance, long working life and accuracy in performance.
Roll Turning Lathe Machine
These are suitable for extra heavy duty jobs like sliding, surfacing and screw cutting jobs. These are dimensionally accurate, abrasion resistant, corrosive resistant and has high tensile strength. It can be used to its full capability because it embraces great toughness, ample power & control to drive the carbide tipped machine tools.
All Geared Lathe Machine
These are used in different operations such as sanding, drilling, cutting, etc. Moreover, these are further categorized as light duty all geared, medium duty all geared, heavy duty all geared as extra heavy duty all geared. It work with excellent accuracy, perfection and smoothness. If maintained properly this type can work round the clock.
CNC Lathe Machine
These are well known for higher production and lower costs. Moreover, it fulfils the requirement of quick results with high quality in many industries like electrical, automobiles, electronics etc. CNC lathe machines are highly used for manufacturing high quality components or parts as it operates with the help of a computer program. Therefore, it enables production of large quantities with less effort.
If you are in search of more information about lathe machines and different types is in order to select just suiting to your workshop requirement, then visit http://www.bhavyamachinetools.com, there you will find it made of high quality accessories providing high performance and incurring low maintenance cost.
Basically, a lathe machine is a tool used to shape metals.The material is rotated in the cylindrical motion and then touches a cutting tool to it which cuts the material. The metal sheet is fixed on the chuck of the lathe machine and then the chuck rotates in the vertical direction as well as right and left direction and touching byte’s tip to the material to cut the metal. The original lathe machine when invented used to complete tasks like cutting cylindrical metal sheets and then it was further developed to produce screw threads, tapered work, drilled holes, knurled surfaces, and crankshafts. The modern lathe machines available nowadays, offer the facility of rotating speeds as well as adjusting manually and automatically the cutting tool. There are different types available like light duty, medium duty, heavy duty, extra heavy duty, all geared, imported, CNC, roll turning and many more. No matter what type it is, you need to follow the below given basic instructions while using it.
You need to ensure that it should not be started cold. First of all, warm up the lathe machine for 10 minutes, setting its speed up to 1000 rpm. It should also be well lubricated and you need to check all the tools and ensure that they are tight.
Now, the tool holder should be located and tool block should be inserted in it. The spot is supposed to be located in the tool block where you can insert a cutter. Also for safety reasons, you need to tighter the tool block as tighter as you can. The cutters allow the users to cut from left to right, which is also known as cutting on a Z axis.
The tail stock is to be located where drill chuck can be inserted. The tail stock is very useful as it helps in drilling holes in the metal. The crank at the end of the measuring device helps in performing precision depths to the cuts.
The next step would be to set your zero and stop the turning spindle. You need to get a tool holder and put in at least 0.5 inch block between the tip of your tool and the metal sheet. Slide the tool holder in and out on an X axis to tighten it. The micrometer wheel should be set to zero.
Also you need to set your X zero point by pulling the Z axis tool towards the spindle and slide 0.5 inch block between the tool and the work piece. You also need to set the X axis micrometer to zero and turn the wheel 0.5 inch away.
So, now if you want to cut 0.5 inches from the metal sheet keep X axis and Z axis both 0.25 inches away from the metal sheet and then start the spindle.
Safety Measures to be Taken While using a Lathe Machine
You need to get dressed correctly by rolling your sleeves above the elbow. Also remove rings and watch if you have worn.
Before making any adjustments to the tools, always remember to stop the machine.
Spindle speeds should not be changed until it has come to a complete stop.
Always wear protective eye glasses.
While the metal sheet is turning, never try to measure the cut.
Press brake is an important tool which is widely used in cutting metals in various shapes and sizes. It helps in forming predetermined bends in metal sheets by clamping the material between matching punch and a die. Thus, it uses some kind of force to bend or shape the metal in a particular form. The shapes formed in the metal with the help of it are extremely accurate but it also depends on the kind of die used and ability of the operator. It is a wonderful asset to any workshop, provided it is used correctly. If it is not operated in an effective manner, the result may be not accurate and the end product produced will be of low quality. The combination of the right kind of punch, die and knowledge of the operator can enable a press brake to give an accurate output.
Uses of Press Brake
Press brake is used in the manufacturing process of various housing products, automobiles, heavy equipments etc., where bending of metal sheet is required. The metal sheet once bended or shaped out of press brake is used in various manufacturing industries producing products used in our day to day life. The press brakes are available in various sizes to handle sheets of various sizes and thicknesses. Depending on the size and the thickness of the sheet metal, the type of press brake is used.
Types of Press Brake
There are various types of press brakes available like mechanical press brake and hydraulic press brake. Mechanical press brake enables easier overloading but doesn’t enable the operator to adjust the stroke level while the process is in continuation. One has to complete the process and then adjust the stroke length. A skilled operator is required to use mechanical press so that precision in the end product can be achieved. In 1970s, the hydraulic press brake started replacing mechanical press brake because of its affordable costs and safety advantages. However, using hydraulic press brake resulted to high quality products manufacturing which benefited many manufacturing units. Due to this, hydraulic press brake became popular amongst all the press brake machines available in the market.
The mechanical press brake is made of iron whereas, hydraulic press brake is made of steel. As the hydraulic press brake is made of 100% steel, its structure is much more firm than a mechanical press brake. This eliminates the built-in stress in a hydraulic press brake and so the machine can be used for the longer period of time.
Hydraulic press brake uses hydraulic system, which is much more superior than a mechanical system as its power output is stable and its repairing services can be found locally.
In hydraulic press brake, there are two cylinders controlling the beam’s vertical moving.
Hydraulic press brake under the CNC system can be controlled by the computer which results into accurate and fast production.
In hydraulic press brake, the gauge is controlled by the electric device with the digital panel in the front. So, you can enter the data or manually adjust according to the aiming point.
So, now if you are planning to buy a press brake, make sure that you read the manual and go through its features and after that only you can decide the type of press brake to be purchased. Always go for a perfectly designed press brake which consumes less power and incurs low maintenance costs. For more information on durable and user friendly press brakes, visit http://www.bhavyamachinetools.com.
Machine tools are used for various processing work on different metals. Machining works like cutting, grinding, shaping machine to shape the metal workpiece, boring, slotting on metal through slotting machine, shearing and others are carried out by mechanical and electronic tools are known as tools. Previously in 18th century before the industrial revolution, these were made from the wood. The bulk production with precision accuracy evolved the mechanism to define metal parts from cast iron and wrought iron but still there are were limitations of hammering and to create required pressure on metal works. Gradually the further inventions as per the requirements for machining evaluated the old wooden or metal machineries to their existing form passing through several stages Previously manual pressure are used for machining tools that can be transformed to electrical pressure and mechanical pressure later on as the electricity invented. Earlier tools used flywheels with gears and levers for controlling. After the mid age of twentieth century Numerical controlled machineries and then CNC machineries were evaluated for better machining.
It is used to grind the metal and other materials. It is well recognized as a Grinder in the Industries. It consist the abrasive wheel, the rolling wheel used as a cutter. It cuts the metal in chips. The importance of this tool is to make the finishing of metal work piece by grinding the small chips from metal surface. The process through which the grinding machine removes metal is called as abrasion. Heat gets produced during this process. It requires coolant to cool down the metal piece. Various types are used in different industrial applications.
Belt grinding – It is used for grinding wood and metals to finish, debar and material removing.
Bench Grinder – manual tools used for finishing operation consisting two wheels of different grains.
Cylindrical grinder – with multiple grinding wheels to create cylinder shape of metal. Precision tubes, rods and bushing are generated through this grinder.
Surface Grinder – Most commonly grinder with manual use or CNC operated surface grinder. The work piece movement in back and forth grinds the surface of metal piece
There are many other types of grinder like tool and cutter grinder, jig grinder and gear grinder used to grind metal piece for different applications.