Applications of the Lathe Machine in the Petroleum Industry

The importance of machine tools can never be underestimated industry and one of the most critical of these tools is the lathe machine. The equipment is basically used in shaping metallic pieces such as tubes, engine shafts, bolts and nuts. The effectiveness of using this machine is based on the ability to hold the work piece firmly by a vice clamping mechanism and calibrate the machining to very precise measurements.

Another major and recent innovation of the lathe is that new designs have been developed that have incorporated computer numeric controls. This allows a particular design to be prepared by the engineering software and fed to the machine for execution.

There has also been an improved level of safety in using this equipment, with the latest models operated remotely, the work piece being enclosed in a chamber.

Light Duty Lathe Machine

Challenges in Oil Drilling and Production Machinery

Oil drilling and exploration is usually a complex process involving so many operations happening at the same time. This process involves using a lot of chemicals and solvents which in turn lead to very fast degradation of machines and equipments. Specialized equipments have to be on standby especially machine tools such as the lathes for quick replacements of these special parts. It is also worthy to note that most oil drilling operations are far away from industrial areas and may take long while, if there are no stand by equipments.

Special Machining Features of Oilfield Pipes

The rethreading process is one of the major challenges in oil field machining. The frequent breakdown of piping systems in oil fields has caused machine tools manufactures to work strategically to deal with this problem. Oilfield lathes have also been developed which are able to handle very large diameter pipes as those in the drilling and conveyance sections. Special features such as automatic coupling cells have been incorporated for ease of handling pipe sections during machining.

Some Of The Critical Innovation Areas Requiring Constant Maintenance Include;

  • Oil couplings for enhancing efficiencies through process automation
  • Down hole instrumentation systems for handling tough material
  • Pumps used for the hydraulic fracturing process.
  • Various components of the pump jacks such as sucker rods, and stanchions.

oil exploration industry

Special Features of Oil Field Lathes

There are very unique threading requirements in the oil exploration industry and innovations have been made to support this process. These include;

  • Thread phase harmonizing. This has been done through the automatic operation of CNC lathes. Once a work piece is placed in the machine, it can automatically locate the threads and start the threading process. This allows faster machining and maintenance of the important tolerances. Accuracy and consistent quality is also maintained.
  • The “variable spindle speed threading” This is an application for machining pieces with thin walled gauge, without previous threads on the work piece. This component actively controls the feed axis due to the changing speeds of the spindle. This forward feeding technology realizes very high accuracy on threading.


The importance of the lathe machine can never be underestimated in the oil field operations. This is due to the constant need for repairs and maintenance of piping and conveyance systems. Special machines have been constructed specifically for these processes which have increased efficiency and production.

How Industrial Efficiency and Bulk Productivity can be Achieved?

Research and development has led to the availability of many new and better products across many industries throughout the world. This has resulted in designing and producing a vast range of innovative machinery including tool room units for the local and global market. Hence, a broad variety of tools are now produced in order to fulfill the growing needs of various manufacturing industries.


Today there are several tool room equipment manufacturers in India and abroad. Each tool is built to perform a particular function and different models with specific characteristic are readily available at reasonable rates. Although all the producers supply good products; there are always certain distinctive features, even in the same type of equipments, manufactured by different producers.

Hence, choosing the right tool room device is definitely the key to control the overall costs. It helps to minimize input and maximize output; mainly in terms of expenditure, quality and quantity. First of all one should select a reliable and reputed tool manufacturer. The selected machine must have various salient features such as: user-friendly design, robust structure, higher dimensional accuracy, noise less, low maintenance, economical components etc.

Other essential characteristics include: top grade materials, highly secure, flexible, perfect timing, simple to operate, rust free, precise settings, corrosion resistant, longer working life, higher cutting capacity, vibration free, globally adaptable, highly tolerant, better surface, faster setup time, lesser wear and tear, standard parameters, higher tool life, uniform output, better finishing, consistent speed, fully tested, highly efficient, constantly updated, higher throughput, good quality spares, durable parts etc.

Some of the most versatile and widely used tools include the milling, bandsaw, grinding, shaping and slotting machine.

Milling machines are utilized for easy and complicated cutting, shaping and drilling operations. There are two categories of milling equipments such as horizontal milling and vertical milling. These are available in three models; namely manually operated milling equipment, mechanically automated milling  and digitally automated CNC milling.


Bandsaw machines are utilized for cutting long metallic or wooden pieces into various irregular or curved shapes. It has a horizontal metal band and a blade. Basically two types are available such as horizontal bandsaw and double column bandsaw.


The grinding device is a tool used to grind the workpiece into different shapes and sizes, using an abrasive wheel. It involves precisely chipping the metal to finish the rough metal surfaces into smooth objects. Both manual and hydraulic grinders are easily available.


Shaping machines are utilized in several industries to shape straight and flat metal surfaces made from steel, aluminum, ferrous and non-ferrous metals; into various curved or angular shapes. A slotting unit is a tool used for shaping or cutting materials and for making slots in objects made from wood, metal etc.


Hence, the chosen tool room machine must be versatile, safe and efficient in order to control costs and achieve optimum value for money.

Working Principle & Significances of Shaping Machine

Working principle of shaping machine

Among the range of workshop machineries available a shaping machine stays very useful to shape the surface of metal, wood or steel surfaces to a desired shape or dimension. It is quiet easy to obtain good finishing in the surfaces of the instrument. Some of the popular predetermined shapes that can be acquired through shaping machines are flat surface, shoulders, and different types of grooves. it come in different sizes hence; it is easy to choose it for workshop based on the requirement of dimensions and sizes.


The significances and applications of shaping equipment

it is used for different applications in shaping, hence, it is considered as significant workshop equipment. The cutting is processed with a special single edged accessory where to and fro strokes help in cutting the desired dimension and shape. It is found to be useful in removing scaling from metals like cast iron, where a steel shaping device can be preferred to get smooth surface in the cast iron material. Long and heavy parts can also be cut into desired shapes by heavy duty. Similarly, a wood and metal shaping machine are also available for cutting wood and various metals respectively. For obtaining precise cutting, and quality smooth surface it will stay excellent workshop equipment.

metal shaping

Components of shaping device

The tools for a shaping machine differ according to the applications such as cutting, surfacing, etc. The selection of tools has to be determined in terms of the type of work piece that need to be shaped. Every component has specific function to perform in the machining process. Some of the important components that are installed with equipment are

  • Tool feed handle-Which carries the cutting tool to the machining material
  • Ram-helps the cutting tool to more to and fro
  • Vice- It is the part that hold the machining material strongly
  • Clutch Handle-Helps in starting the ram to function


Tips to select appropriate equipment for shaping requirements

Since, shaping requirements vary for different materials such as wood, metal and steel the cutting tools also has to be selected based on the thickness and volume of the machining material. For example, a straight or bent of swan-necked tool can be used for cutting in different angles and shank forms. Similarly for shouldering, grooving and hooking purposes specific tools are available. Thus investing on a shaping device brings multi-benefits for machining process. Read more about the shaping machine.

Some important suggestions to maintain the efficiency of Shaping Machines

Selecting the right kind of cutting tool is an excellent way to maintain the efficiency of the machining process. For example, it is possible to normalize the slotting tools with respect to the predetermined shape and dimension. In order to maintain proper function of the shaping device for a long run, it is better to keep the cutting edge properly sharpened. This will also save cost of cutting and shaping processes. In addition selecting the type of power source is also important, for example a v belt driven shaping are relatively less efficient than gear driven.


Investing on shaping equipment for workshop can be made more economical by choosing the right tools with respect to the desired machining process. This will also increase the efficiency of working with machineries.

Safety Measures While Operating Woodworking Machines

Woodworking is basically a dangerous task; however the risk can be reduced by always using the proper safety equipments.  Moreover, the power tools are very sharp, and can cause serious injury, if they are not used properly. Hence you can keep safe while using machinery by implementing the following safety habits.

First of all you should always wear suitable safety equipment. You must always wear your safety glasses and only take them off when you leave the woodworking room. Routers and surface planers are very noisy machines hence you should put on ear plugs for protecting the ears. Wearing latex gloves is also essential to protect the hands while applying various finishes. Also do not consume alcohol or drugs; or other intoxicants and stimulating drinks while performing operations as they are dangerous.

Moreover, you should not wear loose fitting clothes, and also remove neck chains or bracelets that hang from the body; as they may get trapped in a cutting head or saw blade. Wearing proper fitting clothes makes you feel comfortable and also helps to protect your body from any harmful wood chips during cutting tasks. Always check the work piece for nails, screws, staples, metals etc. before starting the machine. This may damage the work piece, cutting head, or the fast spinning saw blades; or cause the work piece to kick back and thus injure you.


Always disconnect the power connection before changing the blade or bit of a power tool. You should always use a heavy duty extension cord for all high voltage power tools in the woodworking room. Hence you will have to change the cord and also plug and unplug the power before using the tool. You must avoid using a dull cutting tool as the tool may kick-back or bend and harm you. Moreover the tool and the woodworker will have to work harder for completing a simple task. While a sharp cutting tool is quicker and safer.

Further, you should avoid distractions while using it. In case you get distracted; while performing any task with a power tool, you must always remember to finish the cutting operation safely before going away from the machine; or leaving the working room for any some reason.


While working on a bandsaw machine, table saw, miter saw, etc., you should never put your hands near the moving blade, particularly when you are removing the waste or cut-offs. Always wait for the blade to stop moving and thereafter touch the switch. It is advisable to use a scrap piece or a push stick for moving the waste away from the blade; only after the saw blade has stopped moving.


You must always work against the cutter. A saw blade or router bit must cut against the motion. Also the cutter should cut into the work piece. Hence all woodworking tools are engineered in such a way that the direction of the moving wood, and the direction of the moving tool, is in the opposite direction.

Industrial Milling Machine – Useful Tips While Selecting the Best

Milling machine is used in industries dealing in wood, metal, plastic etc. Solid hard materials can be formed into shapes of desire. With the advanced technology there is a great improvement in the working. Today they work much faster than what the speed was years ago.

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Milling Machine

It can execute many functions. It can drill, cut, rout etc. The machines are kept greased with a liquid which is dispensed on the location of cutting to clean away small pieces of metal.

milling machine

Types of Milling Machines

Main types available are:

  • Vertical Milling Machine is used for thrust drilling and its spindle is placed vertically.
  • Horizontal type is mainly used for cutting big and heavy material.
  • Column type is simple to use, with few parts. The mechanism for cutting is poised vertically and this can drill the materials.
  • The turret is very adaptable and can produce numerous products.
  • The C frame is commonly used in the workshops as it is very powerful.
  • The most accurate type of it is the CNC machine. As it works by means of computer and very intricate designs can be made on the work piece.

The size of the machines also differs, small machines that can be kept on a table and the big ones are as big as a room.

Tips for Buying the Milling Machine:

The type of Milling machine you buy depends largely on the kind of work you have to do. So first reflect on how simple or difficult and intricate the work is. The main conditions you must think about are:

  • Production needs – the capacity of it you wish to buy depends on your needs.
  • Frequency of use – if you are going to use the machine often then buy an industrial tools, and for less usage buy a commercial machine.
  • Axis – check how many axis the machine has.
  • Power – depending on the speed you require check the power of the electric motor, spindle, turbine and the engine power.
  • Speed – how fast the spindle head moves is the speed of the spindle, make a note of it.
  • Attachments – check how many attachments will come free with the machines, you might have to buy others.
  • Popularity – check online how popular that particular brand of machine is, read the feedback and comments of other people who are using the machine.


Safety measures to use while operating milling machines:

The operator must be trained well. The work piece must be clamped properly and  the operator must make sure the clamps and vises are activated properly or it can lead to serious accidents.

He must check regularly if and when the tools should be changed. The machines must have the guards to protect any small pieces from flying away. Safety glasses must be used while operating it.


Thus, it becomes easy to buy a particular brand of machine after learning important facts about it. Check the credentials of the company and also the machine you wish to buy. It’s a big investment, so be very sure about the type of machine you need, before you buy one.