Machine Tool Installation – Important Considerations during Lathe Set Up

After settling on the model of the lathe machine suitable for your needs, people tend to forget that planning for installation is equally critical for efficient operation of the equipment. It is wise toscrutinize all details of the installation area before the actual day of delivery and machine setup. Where possible it is recommended to obtain a two dimensional drawing of the equipment before arrival for better space and position planning. Illustrated here are some very important ideas when setting up your new Lathe machine.

Confirm Electrical Requirements

It is wise to be clear on the electrical requirements that your CNC lathe machine needs, the power rating, current requirements in order to determine the contacts switch system to use and even the correct cabling for this type of load.

It is recommended to check the placement of the electrical source and ensure that it is accessible near the new machine station. A qualified electrician, who ensures that the connection and integration requirements are met, must do all electrical fittings.

Lathe Machine

Planning For Oils and Lubricants

Always settle on a particular type of lubricating, hydraulic and coolant that your equipment will use. They must be purchased before running the machine to ensure that the equipment can be run and tested during the day of installation. Manufacturers recommend having a specific grade of coolant determined by themselves, for efficient operation and long life of the equipment.

Pre – Planning Space Lay Out 

Here you will need the machine drawing to determine the placement of the machine. Following the installation guidance from the manufacturer helps avoid major running problems in the future.A good example for consideration is the door clearance. Different sizes of equipments will require different clearances. Pre planning these clearances before installation prevent the nightmares that emerge when running and servicing the machine.

Air Source

For good running and durability of the lathe machine, the air source needs to be free of humidity as much as possible.  This prevents rusting on the inside parts of the machine which are never dried or cleaned. This condition has been observed in compressor systems that have no dehumidifiers. Moisture management must be done since rust can quickly destroy an otherwise good machine tool.

Floor Characteristics

Machine tools and especially the Lathe machine are heavy objects. The equipment must be held on a good solid slab that would not easily crack or bend due to vibration. Uneven surface will also lead to poor and incorrect operation of the machine. You may also get help from the manufacturer over the best foundation for the machine.

Entry Way and Machine Orientation

It is always good to avoid surprises such as the equipment not being able to fit through the entry to the workshop, where part of the wall has to be damaged then repaired again.

When all these steps have been followed accurately, the installation process is smooth and successful.  It is then important to have a proper plan for general maintenance of the equipment.  Bhavya machine tools supply these innovative lathe and CNC machine tools. The company also provides great guidance on the installation and maintenance requirements.

Pros & Cons While Selecting Indian Lathes & Imported Lathe Machines

The lathe machine is the most common tool in a workshop. It is mainly used for producing objects that have symmetry about their axis of rotation; as well as for precisely machining comparatively hard materials. Earlier lathes were simple and few models were available in market. While a large variety of complex lathes are now manufactured. The growing competition has also resulted in producing the latest range of lathe devices across the world, including India. As a result, buyers get confused and face difficulty while purchasing a suitable lathe. Today lathes are purchased to either set up a new unit or for expanding the activities of an existing workshop. Thus the below mentioned pros and cons will help buyers while selecting Indian lathes and imported lathe.

Indian Lathes

These days there is a great demand for Indian lathes. This is because they are very precise, easy to use and highly effective. Moreover they are available at reasonable rates and have a long working life. Further these lathes are sturdy machines as they are made from top grade materials to meet the standard quality levels; and hence require less maintenance. Another pro of an Indian lathe is that before installing and integrating a new lathe into the existing production unit; you can get onsite consultation and personal advice from the experts of the local company. They can even provide detail replies for any technical queries; and their team of highly trained staff can visit your workshop anytime before and after delivering the machine. The customers are also offered comprehensive warranty from the manufacturer, instant after sales support and onsite training to properly use the new lathes. Also, maintenance and repair services are readily available. Besides this, a large spare parts inventory is also available in order to quickly repair the related tools with original components made by the local company. One more advantage is that buyers can visit a local showroom to personally see the various models and check the specifications of the lathe. Lastly Indian lathes are less costly than the imported machines. Whereas the con is that, the most recent and fully computerized models of lathes may not be manufactured by the Indian firms. Visit Bhavya Machine Tools to know different types of Models are manufactured in India.

Imported Lathes

On the other hand buyers can opt for an imported lathe if they need a high end device for their workshop operations. Moreover, they are compact and completely automatic, include many enhanced features, and are highly accurate, efficient and long lasting. Another pro of imported lathes is that they are usually equipped with the most advanced technology, need less resources and are relatively faster. However, the con is that they are relatively expensive. Also original spares and expert technician may not be available to repair the imported machine. Further, in case an imported lathe breaks down; an alternate equipment may not be immediately available. Hence unit downtime will affect the production unit.

Conclusion

Thus based on individual requirements of the buyers they can either select an Indian lathe or imported lathe..

Lathe Machine Operations

Nowadays, the tool room work and workshop machine activities; are done by repairers or through suitable lathe tools. A lathe is a tool utilized to perform various functions like turning, cutting, drilling, grooving, knurling, parting, threading etc. They are used to produce accurate products made from metal, plastic, wood etc. The basic lathe machine operations are as follows:-

Turning is an essential and important lathe operation. It is used to create circular objects and for reducing the diameter of the work. Taper turning refers to the process where the tool narrowly cuts the job at a specific angle. Knurling is done using a knurling tool; it has two slashed lined wheels that are pressed against the rotating work piece to produce a knurled object.

The drilling operation uses a drilling tool which is held in the tail stock and fed into the work by using a handle on tailstock. Threading is a precise operation, where the tool is fed into the job at a constant speed. This is done by attaching a carriage assembly with lead screws that are connected to the driving mechanism through gear trains. Two types of threading are external and internal threading.

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Grooving is done before external threading by feeding the grooving tool perpendicular to the rotating work piece. Parting is done for cutting a work into smaller parts. Chamfering refers to slitting or cutting the edges of the object.

The major parts of a lathe machine are bed, headstock, saddle, tailstock, top slide; apron, cross slide, lead screw, countershaft, tool rest, chuck and gears. The bed is the base of a lathe, the chuck holds and spins the work piece; whereas the apron grips the gears, and the headstock allows the spindle to rotate at variable speeds. The tailstock holds the end of the work; and the carriage houses the cross slide, top slide and saddle.

Many types of lathes are available including the wood lathe. Here the cutting tool is operated manually by skilled workers to precisely form smooth curves and complex shapes on the work piece. The spindle is normally driven by a belt connected to the motor, and the speed can be varied manually. Lathe tools are held manually against the work, with the help of an adjustable tool rest; that is clamped to the base at a suitable position.

Engine lathes are machines with a longitudinal base, where the headstock and tailstock are mounted. It has an advanced spindle drive that runs at variable speeds; the selectable gears help to operate the machine at higher speeds. The lathe cutting tools are moved against the work using hand wheels; or automatically using a lead screw that is power driven by gears in the headstock. The carriage moves back and forth on the bed for longitudinal turning. The cross slide and compound rest are mounted above the carriage to enable cross and angular cutting.

Finally during any lathe machining operation, always take necessary precautions; even if you are an expert, or are handling an important process..

Lathe Machines – How They Make a Real Difference in Shaping Industries

The lathe is indeed a great invention and a very helpful machine, used for numerous purposes since the ancient times. The earliest type of lathe was the potter’s wheel, which is being utilized to shape clay pots and earthen objects even today. The lathe machine is basically a machine tool that revolves the work piece on its axis to carry out a variety of operations that includes cutting, shaping, turning, drilling, sanding, bending etc.

Types of Lathe Machines

An extensive range of lathe machines are now available in the market at affordable rates. Each type of lathe machine has remarkable features and specific engineering application, including shaping various kinds of materials. They can be used in several industrial functions such as wood shaping, metal bending, glass sanding, stone cutting, plastic drilling, repairing machine parts etc.

These lathes have truly made a major difference in the shaping industry due to its highly beneficial features and outstanding performance. Some of the most useful lathe machines designed and manufactured nowadays are as follows:

First is the v-belt drive lathe machine that includes light duty lathe machine used for shaping small size items and other bending tasks; the medium duty lathe machine has enhanced functionality to cast most accurate shapes; heavy duty lathe machines are robust equipments built for large scale metal working and wood working operations; extra heavy duty lathe machine have tight tolerances and are utilized to shape very hard substances.

Next is the roll turning lathe machine which is another sturdy machine tool, dedicated for finishing purposes and to produce cylindrical rolls in rolling mills. Further comes the all geared lathe machine that includes light duty all geared lathe machine, meant for relatively light activities; medium duty all geared lathe machine for moderate functionality; heavy duty all geared lathe machine for higher capacity lathe machining work; and extra heavy duty all geared lathe machine for applications in heavy industries.

Recently highly precise, imported all geared lathe machines are widely used. They easily provide smooth machining on solid sheet metals; and include light duty imported lathe machine and medium duty imported lathe machine. These uniquely designed lathes are very efficient; and perform the lathe functions with zero defects.

The latest models of lathe machines comprise of the heavy duty high speed lathe. They are versatile and function at a greater speed, and used for bulk manufacturing and solid machining work on sheet metals. Further is the extra heavy duty lathe with pedestal type bed and extra heavy duty lathe with planer type bed that have longer working life.

Even imported CNC lathe machines, manufactured as per international standards are available these days. Another advanced technology based lathes are flat bed CNC lathe, heavy duty flat bed CNC lathe and slant bed CNC lathe; that are reputed for accurate dimension and high tensile strength. All these lathe machines provide a significant return on investment; and are extensively used in tool rooms, power plants, ship building, paper mills, repairing shops, steel rolling mills, workshops, mining, oil, textile industries etc..