Press Brake, Slotting Machine – It used for Bending and Cutting Metals
Cutting and bending are the two primary functions performed on metals for casting the desired shape or dimensions. Therefore when it comes to metal working, the two most popular categories used in workshops are metal cutting and metal bending machines. Much of the metal processing tasks in workshops are usually carried using these equipment.
The popular form of metal bending machines used in workshop is a press brake. A press brake is a popular workshop tool installed with punches and dies to form bends on the metals. Combining a series of repetitive bending operations metals can be bent to desired shape. A press brake is usually classified on basis of factors like force and working length. There are four popular forms of press brakes widely employed in workshops and industries called mechanical, pneumatic, hydraulic, and servo-electric brakes. A functioning of a mechanical variant of this metal bending unit is dependent on flywheel, the pneumatic model utilizes the air pressure, the hydraulic press brake from http://www.bhavyamachinetools.com/pressbrake/hydraulic.html functions by means of a pair of hydraulic cylinders where as a servo-electric brake works on servo-motor to drive a ball screw or belt drive to exert tonnage on the ram for bending metals to desired shape or dimensions as required. The shape casted using a brake is dependent on the type of die used in the device. Various kinds of dies can be installed in press brakes like v-dies, U-bend dies, goose neck dies, acute angle dies, offset dies, hemming dies seaming dies and much more to achieve desired shape from a metal work piece. With an appropriate die installed in your unit, you can cast almost any shape out of a metal work piece with varied repetitive operations.
A slotting machine, as the name indicates is the tool used in workshop for cutting or shaping of metals. Whether it is to make slots on heads of screws, bolts, automobile components and other parts, all can be performed using this device. A modern metal slotting available today in the market comes with easy to use and convenient handling features which can be easily handled by even beginners for performing cutting, slotting and shaping operations on metal parts. A slotting instruments comes in various specifications and configurations. Therefore depending on the type of industry whether automotive, furniture, electrical, construction or heavy industries where the equipment is to be used proper machinery selection is important if you want to get the best performance from your slotting machine for metal work.
We are a leading equipment supplier in India offering various kinds of machine for use in industries and workshops. The supplier offers both standard as well as heavy duty slotting to meet the metal cutting and shaping applications in various industries either small scale or large scale. The mechanical and hydraulic press brakes offered by the supplier are international standard designed for long lasting, vibration and noise free and easy effortless operation.
Sheet metal machines are primarily utilized for cutting, shaping, pressing, and forming metal sheets into specific shapes and dimensions. Nowadays a number of sheet metal are available in the market. The various kinds of tools used in workshops are as follows.
The power press is mainly used in several heavy duty industrial applications that require immense pressure for cutting, bending, pressing and forming sheet metals in various forms and sizes. They are basically categorized as C type power press and the pillar type power press. These exceptional and versatile sheet metal machines are used for a variety of metal working operations. The hydraulic power press uses hydraulic pressure and includes the latest electrical and mechanical parts.
The arbour press is a small hand operated press tools utilized specially for precisely inserting and pressing small pieces of metal, and for riveting. This is widely used in automobile workshops, engineering units and other metal applications. The spring controlled arbour press involves automatic spring tension and adjustment to provide the necessary pressure on the workpiece. It is commonly used for light engineering jobs. The round can top and bottom seaming arbour press, is a unique unit that is used to seam the top and bottom of round tin containers. The foot press or pendulum arbour press is a foot operated machine which is generally used for cutting, punching and embossing tins, cards, mica board, plastic, etc.
The bending roller is a sheet metal machine which is used to produce sheet metal bending rolls and standard parts such as top roll and bottom roll. These bending rollers are manufactured according to industry standard sizes as well as per the customer’s requirements. They are available in a broad variety that includes mechanical plate bending, hydro-mechanical plate bending, plate rolling and pyramid type plate bending equipment.
A swaging machine is utilized for modifying the dimensions of plain or cylindrical metal sheets. It is actually a hand operated mechanical tool that performs numerous forging operations on flat metal sheets as well as on cylindrical rods. The universal and deep throat swaging units are utilized for altering the shape and size of sheet metal as required. They are hand operated or mechanized and used in heavy metal industries. Other applications include swaging drums and containers such as water buckets. The jenny or burring device is used for machining tins and containers. The main applications involve plating, edging and flanging the bottom and body of tins, as well as angular setting and double seaming. The roll type edge folding swaging device is utilized for tin edging, forming hooks on side seams and tin flanging. It is also used for making tin containers of various shapes and sizes.
A wide range of bending equipments such as the hand operated trunk folding, the steel body fly press, and hand operated metal sheet bending, are used for bending metal bars, blades, handles, etc.
Types of Workshop Machinery – Milling, Grinding, Shaping Machines
Machine play a very important role in a workshop where metal working or woodworking tasks are performed. They enable speed process in the workshops and enhance the accuracy and efficiency of the processes. With tools the bulk wood and metal processing requirements in workshop can be met with ease. Today various kinds of equipment are available in the market. By installing these, various tasks like cutting, shaping, drilling etc which are to be carried out on harder wood and metal surfaces can be easily accomplished.
The workshop machines are a bit different from industrial. Industrial are configured to handle heavy duty applications in robust industrial environments where as workshop are usually designed with intermediate specifications and cannot handle such larger workloads as in industries. Workshop unit are usually compact multitasking which can be stored in smaller space. These are usually lesser in price than the industrial.
This article is a brief description on various kinds of tools used in metal and wood working workshops.
Milling Machine for Workshop
A milling machine is often misunderstood as a lathe work. It is different from a lathe. In a lathe the material is moved in order to achieve the desired shaping or cutting whereas, cutting tool moves at a high speed for the same. A milling machine is the best tool for cutting metals to the customized dimensions and shapes especially if the parts are to be cut or shaped to rectangular or uneven dimensions. Two types of milling devices are employed in workshops manual and CNC milling. CNC are computer controlled which automatically perform the process according to set computer specifications where as in manual devices the process is done manually and therefore takes time for completion.
Tasks like roughing or finishing of surfaces, finishing internal cylinders or bores, sharpening the cutting tools, removing rough projections from castings, cleaning, polishing, and buffing surfaces all are achieved through grinding equipments. Visit at http://www.bhavyamachinetools.com/spm-a-heavy-machine/tool-a-cutter-grinding.html these tasks are carried out by use of a grinding abrasive wheel which moves abrasive particles which when contact the work piece act as tiny cutting tools which cut chips from the work piece to give it desired shape.
Shaping machine is a popular form unit used in workshops. It is used for cutting curves, angles and various shapes from the work piece. It comes in different sizes, specifications and tooling and can be used for various metal or wood cutting requirements. As compared to lathe or milling, shaping are much affordable and are best tools for shaping flat metal or wood surfaces.
Apart from these various other kinds of tools like saws, drills, chisels, routers, planers, shapers etc are employed in workshops for efficient processing. All these machine tools come in different specifications and can be selected as per specific requirements for needs in a workshop. For those looking to buy tools for workshop, We can offer the best quality, reliable units at cost effective pricing.
The power press is basically a versatile sheet metal machine that is utilized to cut, bend, form, and press sheet metal into a variety of shapes and sizes. This multi tasking equipment involves a press mechanism, where pressure is applied to compress and shape the required material. Due to the development of technology a wide range are now readily available in the market.
It is also useful as a workshop machine since it has simplified the metal bending tasks in many industrial segments. These days It is manufactured as per standard, as well as customized specifications; and supplied in the local and the global market. The C type and pillar type power press are the most popular types. They are actually termed as per the design of their frame.
Power Press Machine
The C type power press is an exceptional workshop machine that is used as a pressing machine in several industries. It consists of a frame that looks exactly like the letter C. This design provides maximum floor space for the machine operators. Thus they can freely move around the workplace. It has numerous salient features and also includes a wheel stand and pressure gauge, which are used for drawing, straightening, and assembling tasks. It is highly suitable for automobile, agriculture, bicycle, engineering, and electrical industries; for trimming, straightening, pressing, assembling, and disassembling of various machine components.
The pillar type power press is constructed on two pillars, and has a bed in the central part for enforcing mechanical or hydraulic pressure in order to bend the hard metal sheets. The pillar type design of these presses enables them to provide additional rigidity to the machine, particularly on the parts that receive maximum stress and jerks. This helps to minimize the chances of deflecting the work piece and thereby deliver relatively better results. This unique sheet metal machine is utilized in the workshop for a number of metal working operations.
The other types include hydraulic machine, punch press machine, and H type power press machine. A hydraulic press uses a hydraulic cylinder for generating compressive force, which is the hydraulic equivalent of a mechanical lever. It is mainly used for hydro forming. The industrial hydraulicis a sturdy, energy efficient and durable machine that is used for hydraulic applications in numerous industries.
The power press is mainly used in heavy industrial applications. Hence it is generally preferred for metal compressing and forming tasks on a large scale in various manufacturing units. It helps to precisely and quickly execute bending and shaping of different metals. It machines are commonly used for heavy duty tasks in sheet metal machinery works, engineering workshops, and industrial units. It is also utilized for mass production of ductile materials like mild steel. They are even useful in a number of factories, engineering plants, and allied industrial establishments.
The objective of this article is to educate readers for power press which can be the most useful workshop machinery for cutting, bending, forming and pressing the sheet metal into variety of shapes and sizes with this multi tasking machine tools available in different categories like C type, pillar type and hydraulic power press.
The milling machine is a versatile tool that is utilized for machining solid materials. It can perform various simple as well as complicated operations, such as slot and keyway cutting, planing, drilling, contouring, diesinking, etc.
They are mainly classified in two basic configurations namely vertical and horizontal, based on its orientation. On vertical the spindle axle is vertical, where as on horizontal machines it is horizontal.
Later on with the development of technology, the computer numerical control or CNC milling machines were introduced in the market. These devices enable the users to input instructions related to different parts. Some CNC equipments also include remote control devices. Besides this they also help to increase the efficiency and reduce the manufacturing costs. Additionally this modern unit has the capacity to run at higher speeds and produce very accurate products on a large scale.
CNC Milling Machine
It is regarded as one of the highly significant tools. It is commonly used in various industrial segments for fabricating components. These help to effectively carry out repetitive and complex milling tasks that were earlier done manually since the past several years. As a result it assists to increase the profitability as well as productivity. Hence they are preferred over the traditional machines, and also considered as a very important machine in a large number of industries.
A variety of CNC units are now readily available in the market. And all the models can easily perform various cutting and drilling operations. The latest kinds of CNC are commonly known as multi axis machines as they either have 3, 4, or 5 axes. Consequently, which has more number of axes is relatively expensive, as compared to the machines with less number of axes. This is due to the fact that with higher number of axis can execute relatively complex operations. Thus, most of the large scale manufacturing units now prefer using 4 and 5 axis, since they help to enhance their output. Know more at – http://www.bhavyamachinetools.com/tool-room-machines/milling-machine.html
All CNC milling primarily include integrated control software. And the operations are controlled by that specific control software. Hence the operators should have the necessary skills in order to control these computerized machineries for performing highly accurate milling operations. Most of tools enable to deliver very precise products as compared to the conventional or manual equipments and also reduce wastage.
Further, these state of the art milling equipment are ergonomically designed. Hence the operators are not required to bend, bow and twist their body while setting and operating the device. Moreover, the cutting tool operates within an enclosed area. This serves as an effective preventative measure for avoiding injuries and accidents that may be caused by direct exposure to the milling operations. In short, all CNC assist in fabricating top grade and highly accurate components. Therefore, using a CNC milling will surely enable to provide higher returns on investment.
The grinding machine is utilized in a tool shop for various purposes such as finishing, forming, sharpening, cutting, roughing, snagging, cleaning, polishing, buffing, etc. However, while operating a grinding device, it may cause serious injuries to the operator or any person nearby. Hence, it is essential to observe the following safety precautions, in order to use it safely, and thus avoid any injuries.
Always wear goggles during all operations.
Verify grinding wheels for cracks before mounting.
Never operate grinding wheels at speeds exceeding the recommended limit.
Never adjust work mounting devices or workpiece while operating.
Never exceed recommended depth of cut for grinding wheel or machine.
The workpiece must be removed from the grinding wheel before turning off.
Sufficient wheel guards must be used.
The tool rest must be kept at proper distance from the wheel.
Machine guards must be in place and function properly.
Only those persons who are authorized as trained and competent operators must be allowed to operate.
It is mandatory to provide sufficient instructions to the operators, and also constantly supervise the tool operations.
The device must not be utilized to carry out tasks beyond its specific capacity.
The operator must operate only one machine at a time.
Make sure that the workspace is clean and dry before using the unit, as slippery flooring may cause injuries.
All operators must wear suitable personal protective equipment.
It is compulsory to wear eye protection equipments.
Operators must also wear close fitting protective clothing. This is necessary as loose clothing items such as ties and shirt sleeves are likely to get entangled in the moving parts.
Persons with long and loose hair must properly tie them.
Dust masks must be put on in highly contaminated or dusty surroundings.
It is also compulsory to wear a hearing protection.
Operators must always wear sturdy footwear in the work areas.
Everyone must wear hand gloves while operating.
Operators must not wear watches, rings, or any other jewellery or accessory.
If a person has put on any medical alert identity, it must be taped.
Always utilize the right kind of grinding wheel for the material being grinded.
Never grind non ferrous materials.
The work rest must be set at an adequate distance from the abrasive wheel.
The grinding wheels must be regularly serviced.
Ensure that the machine attains full speed before grinding.
Never push the workpiece against a cold wheel.
Always move the workpiece uniformly across the face of the wheel.
Never hold the workpiece with a cloth, apron or pliers.
Always stop and remove the power plug before cleaning or adjusting.
If any liquid is spilled on the floor, it must be immediately and also properly cleaned using an absorbent material.
The main objective of this article is to educate readers about the safety parameters while operating the grinding equipment.
The press brake is primarily a machine tool that is utilized for bending a metal sheet or plate, into a shape which is determined by its die set. It forms preset bends by tightly holding the workpiece between the punch and die set. Usually it has two C shaped frames on both the sides. It is firmly connected to a table at the bottom and has a moveable beam at the top. The top tool is mounted on the upper beam, whereas the bottom tool is mounted on the table. It is actually a multi purpose fabricating machine, and therefore suitable for several types of metal forming operations.
It has the capability to deliver force in a limited vertical space in order to punch or bend the metal sheet. A variety are now available in the market. However, they are mainly categorized as mechanical or hydraulic, depending on the means of applying force. In the early days, mechanical brakes were mostly used. And later on with the advancement in technology, the hydraulic press brakes were introduced in the market.
Choosing a specific type mainly depends on the material to be used, the type of operation, as well as the rate of output. This versatile press brake is utilized for various types of forming operations using different kinds of dies. The numerous applications of different kinds of press brakes are described further. Actually these are regarded as an essential part of several manufacturing industries. Hence they are commonly used in a wide range of industrial segments such as wood, metal, automobile, rubber, plastic, etc. It can be used to produce the metal plates of front, back and side panels of a computer. It is also utilized for manufacturing metal brackets, frames and cabinets.
Mechanical Press Brake
It has a flywheel that is powered by an electric motor. It also has a clutch that engages the flywheel to initiate the crank mechanism, for moving the ram in the vertical direction. This machine exerts pressure in order to form, shape, or cut a material; extract liquids, or compress solids. A mechanically driven has a fixed tonnage, and exerts more force at the bottom of its stroke as compared to the halfway point. The two major benefits of mechanical press brake are speed and accuracy.
Hydraulic Press Brake
It functions through two synchronized hydraulic cylinders on the C frames, in order to move the upper beam. This machine exerts a great force on the larger piston in a pair of hydraulically coupled cylinders; whereas a relatively smaller force is applied to the smaller piston. They use hydraulic oil or fluid pressure as a source of energy. These are easy to use and maintain. They are basically high speed, compact machines that are more precise and use less power. Moreover, this machine is highly reliable and hence much safer than the mechanical press brakes.
The objective of this article is to educate readers about different types of press brakes and their industrial applications.