A History of Lathe Machine

A lathe is a machine which is used to execute different operations such as cutting, sanding, knurling, drilling, deformation, facing, and turning, with the certain tools applied to the lathe to create an object with the suitable symmetry and measurable axis of the object. Down mentioned is the detailed information of lathe machine from its history to its features and benefits.

History Of Lathe Machine Invention

The origin of lathe machine invention started in the 13th century when the Egyptians first designed a two-person lathe. Later after some years, the Romansimproved the Egyptians lathe machine by adding a turning bow. Now it is a famous saying that”improvement in technology with time is sustainability”. Hence, the precision metal lathe machine is developing since the 13th century. But, during the medieval period, when the industrial revolution had taken place, the European lathe machine was on a hike, and it was also considered as the mother of all machines.

Revolution In Machine Tools

The Revolution in the heavy-duty lathe machine is progressive, for example, the turning tool which once used to cut few metals sheets can now cut down the maximum amount of metal sheets. The chamfering tool can more properly angle the cutting edges of materials, and the machine’s tool has fully revolutionized as the thread cutting tool, and internal thread cutting tool has also improved since the industrial revolution.

Why Lathe Machine

Who Invented The Lathe Machine And How?

In the year 1718, a Russian engineer Andrey Nartov was the first lathe machine manufacturer, who developed one of the first lathes, which was a cutting tool with carriage support and a set of gears. The lathe machine was the first-ever machine tool, which started the utilization of equipment in industries. As the supply of different metals were high in the European countries during the time of the industrial revolution, a machine was required for the workers, which can decrease the workload and increase the speed of metal cutting and processing. Therefore the high-speed lathe machine was invented. The engine lathe machine not only helped in the fast production but was also beneficial for the accurate shaping of the metals for steam engines and other inventions during the industrial revolution.

Lathe Machine – A Mother Of All Machine Tools

Lathe machines are known as the mother of all machine tools for a specific reason, which was that the heavy-duty lathe was the first machine tool which led to the invention of other machine-based tools. During the industrial revolution, lathes evolved into hydraulic lathe machines which had thicker, more rigid parts. At the time of late 19th and mid-20th centuries, individual electric motors were introduced to the lathe which was also called as American lathe which replaced line shafting with the power source. When the mid 20th century started slowly the era of CNC lathe machine started, in which the control of lathes and other machine tools were operated via numerical control, this numeric control of machine was computerized, and the machine tool was also called computerized numerical control (CNC) lathe. And from then manual and CNC lathes both exist in the manufacturing industries.

V Belt Driven Medium Duty Lathe Machine

Advance Lathe Machines – Features & Benefits


A CNC lathe is an advanced light-duty all geared lathe machine designed to adapt the modern version of tooling and processes. In the dro lathe machine, metal parts are shaped by utilizing different machine tools. A turret machine is used to hold the indexes. In addition to all features, the slides present in the turret lathe allows the movement of metal parts in multiple axes.


The major benefit of toolroom lathe is that even the extremely detailed parts or components can be made using the specific CNC lathe machining techniques. The setup of the mini bench lathe machine is done easily. The CNC lathe machines can automatically work with the help of computer guidance. The major benefit of the high-speed precision lathe is that it can be used for mass production. All above are the various points about a brief history of the lathe machine.

A History of Lathe Machine

Written by Yash Shah

This blog written by Mr. Yash Shah is about machine tools including workshop machinery, wood working machines, sheet metal machinery provided by Bhavya Machine Tools, a leading distributors of machine tools in India.