A milling machine is a versatile tool that is widely used in the metal industry for performing several tasks such as milling, cutting, threading, carving, drilling, planing, contouring, die-sinking, etc. These milling tool have a cutter that can move at a variable speed in order to achieve the desired shape. This ability to run at an adjustable speed helps to deliver a highly precise work piece.
Nowadays, a wide range are available, and each type of milling device can perform a specific function. The most commonly used milling unit include the vertical, the horizontal, the column, bed type, turret, tracer controlled, planer-style , C-frame, etc.
Besides, the manufacturers also name the various kinds depending on the number of axis, the size of the tool, the way it is controlled, the orientation of the spindle, the source of power, the purpose of the machine, etc. Further, although there are many types available in the market; all are basically utilized for the same purpose, in spite of the fact that they have distinct names. The types and selection guide for workshop is as follows.
A Horizontal milling machine works parallel to the ground. Here the table on which the work piece is kept moves sideways, and the cutting tool moves up and down. The Turret device is also commonly referred as the Bridgeport-type.. It is a versatile machine that can be repositioned as required. This flexibility helps to produce a variety of products such as machine components, car parts, etc.
The Tracer Controlled can create machine parts as per the master model. It is commonly used in many industries, especially in the automobile sector; since it helps to easily make certain special machine components. In the Bed Type the worktable is situated on the bed, whereas normally the bed is always placed on the top. Here the knee part of the machine does not exist; hence it enables movement in a longitudinal direction.
The Planer-Style milling machine is almost similar to the bed type; except that it includes heads and cutters that perform a variety of milling functions. The Column milling equipment is highly popular, and consists of basic components, such as the work table, saddle, head, knee, and over arm. This simple machine has a cutting tool that is positioned vertically in order to drill metals. Since it is small and compact it is commonly used for producing car parts.
The C-Frame milling machine is very robust and runs on a hydraulic motor. It is powerful than a turret and is typically used in many industries. These days, the computer numerically controlled, CNC milling machines are very popular and used throughout the world. Hence selecting it will depend on your individual requirements, and also on your budget limits.